Imaam Shafi’ee (R.A) was a great scholar of his time.
He acquired a great amount of knowledge at a very tender age. Imaam Sahib
(R.A) was highly ranked for his knowledge and understanding of
He held teachings which due to their great effect, people from afar would
come to attend. Imaam Sahib (R.A) respected and honoured his pupils with
Imaam Sahib (R.A) did not commit himself to worldly affairs and was very
intimate. He himself is the author of many momentous kitaabs, which due to
their usefulness are read widely amongst people.
Imaam Abu Abdullah Muhammed Ibn Idris Ibn Abbas Ibn Uthman Ibn Shafi’ee
Ibn Saa’ib Ibn Ubayd Ibn Abd Yazeed Ibn Hashim Ibn Muttalib Ibn Abd Munaf
Qurayshi Muttalibi Hashimi (R.A).
BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD:
Imaam Sahib (R.A) has stated that, "I was born in 150 A.H, in a town in
Syria called Gazah. When I was two years old I was brought to Makkah."
Imaam Sahib’s (R.A) mother reports of an incident before the birth of
Imaam Shafi’ee (R.A) where in her dream she sighted the Jupiter star
emerging from her womb and embarking in the province of Egypt. She
distinguished a radiant light emitting from this star illuminating the
entire city. She questioned the wise men of the city to interpret this
dream, who notified her that in the near future she was due to give birth
to a learned scholar whose knowledge would be beneficial far and wide.
In Makkah Imaam Sahib (R.A) started an elementary religious school after
which he gained education in Madinah. With the training of archery and
horse riding and with the knowledge of religious education, he lived in
the tribe of Banu Huzayl in Makkah, and he gained a high degree of Arabic
poetry. Apart from this he listened to hadith narrated by his uncle,
Muhammad Ibn Shafi’ee and Muslim Ibn Khalid Zanji.
ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE:
Imaam Sahib (R.A) states, "I was an orphan, my mother used to support me,
I never even used to have enough money to pay my fees. When the teacher
used to teach the children I used to listen and learn it off by heart
straight away. So in the teacher’s absence I used to teach, because of
this the teacher was very happy with me, so in return he agreed on
teaching me free.
As it was very hard for my mother to pay for my stationary I used to
choose bones, stones and palm leaves to write on. At the age of seven I
knew the whole Qur’an with knowledge of its meaning and I learnt Mu’atta
Imaam Maalik at the age of 10.
A SMALL REPRESENTATION OF IMAAM SHAFI’EE’S ( R.A.)
1. Muhammed Ibn Ali Ibn Shafi’ee, Imaam Sahib’s (R.A) uncle. He narrated a
hadith from Abdullah Ibn Ali Ibn Saa’ib Ibn Ubayd. 2. Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah
Makki, Imaam Sahib’s (R.A) teacher from Makkah.
3. Imaam Maalik Ibn Anas (R.A); Imaam Shafi'ee's oldest teacher from
A few other teachers of Imaam Shafi’ee ( R.A.) : Muslim Ibn Khalid Zanji
Haatim Ibn Ismail, Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abi Yahya, Hishaam Ibn Yusuf
Sinani, Marwan Ibn Mu’aawiyah, Muhammad Ibn Ismail Dawood Ibn Abdul Rahman,
Ismail Ibn Ja’far, Hisham Ibn Yusuf etc.
Imaam Shafi'ee ( R.A.) keenly practiced upon attributes that were praised
within Ahaadeeth and Qur’an, and was a flawless exemplary character. Many
incidents have been recorded manifesting these attributes:
INDEPENDENCE AND GENEROSITY:
Imaam Shafi’ee (R.A) restrained himself from the rest of the world, he was
independent, generous, broad-minded and very understanding.
Imaam Sahib (R.A) left the Yemeni Government and came to Makkah, he had
10,000 dinars with him. On the outskirts of the city there was an encamp,
people came out to meet Imaam Sahib (R.A), amongst them there was a group
of poor, needy people. He distributed the whole amount to them and after
entering Makkah he asked for a loan.
Rabi’ has related that Imaam Sahib (R.A) used to give Sadaqah daily and in
the Holy month of Ramadhan he used to give away clothes and large amounts
of money to the poor and indigents.
INTELLIGENCE AND ELOQUENCE:
Abu Ubayd has related that, "I have never seen anyone as knowledgeable and
talented as Shafi’ee (R.A), and no-one as perfect as him." Haroon Ibn
Saeed Ayli states that if Imaam Sahib (R.A)
wanted to prove that a stone pillar is a stick, it would be possible for
DESCRIPTION AND APPEARANCE:
Muzani has narrated, "I have never seen anyone as handsome as Imaam
Shafi’ee (R.A). The complexion of his cheeks was fair, and when he used to
stroke his beard it was never more than a handful. Imaam Sahib (R.A) used
to dye his hair with ‘henna’. He liked scent. Whichever pillar he used to
lean against whilst teaching, the fragrance would linger onto the pillar."
WORSHIP AND MYSTIC EXERCISE:
Every night Imaam Sahib (R.A) used to complete the Qur’an, and in Ramadhan
throughout the day and night he used to complete the Qur’an twice. It is
stated that in Ramadhan he used to finish the Qur’an 7 times in salaah.
AGE AND DATE OF DEATH:
58 years of age: 204 A.H. in the month of Rajab on Friday, in Egypt.
Imaam Sahib (R.A) spent his last days in the world with Abdullah Ibnul
The Governor of Egypt led the Janazah prayers. His two sons Abul Hasan
Muhammad and Uthmaan were present for the funeral rites. Imaam Shafi’ee (R.A)
who has followers all over the world was buried near Mount Mukatram.
Article taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury
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