Shaykh Jalalud-Deen Rumi (RA).
Title: Moulănă Rumi.
Lineage: Sayyidinah Abu Bakr (R.A) on the father side and Sayyidinah Ali (R.A) on the mother’s side.
Date of Birth: 6th Rabiul Awwal 604 A.H.
Father’s name: Muhammad Baha’uddeen Veled. His father was given the title of Sultănul-Ulamă (King of Scholars) as a result of solving difficult problems pertaining to law and religion. While in his adolescence he delivered discourses everyday of the week.
Early Education: Moulănă Rumi’s (R) father entrusted him to one of his disciples, Saiyid Burhănuddeen who taught him for 4-5 years later after his father’s death. Burhănuddeen guided him in secrets of Sufism (Mysticism). At the age of 22 Moulănă Rumi (R) migrated with his father from Balkh to Konya, where his father was a teacher at a college founded by the king. After the father’s death Moulăna Rumi (R) occupied the seat of his father. Thereafter he taught at the college and preached to the people.
Further Education: In 630 A.H Moulana Rumi (R) went to Syria for further education. He studied at Madrasah Halawiyah which is the Haleb (Aleppo) and received his education from Kămaluddin-al-Adim. Thereafter he proceeded to Damascus and studied in Madrasah Maqdaysah. Amongst other teachers, he also studied by Shaykh Mohinuddin ibn Arabi and Shaykh Uthmăn Rumi. Either in 634 or 635 Moulăna Rumi (R) returned to Konya and resumed teaching, because of the oppression and destruction by the Mongols. A number of great scholars moved towards Konya to seek the company of Moulăna Rumi (R). He was head of the scholars and he had 400 students under him.
Moulăna Rumi (R) returns to Mysticism: Moulăna Rumi’s (R) meeting with Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Mălik Dăd commonly known as Shams Tabrez completely transformed his life and turned him from Jalăluddin Konwi to Moulăna-i-Rum. It was the 642 A.H. It is related about Shams Tabrez that in his youth, he remained so immersed in the love for Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) that he did not feel the pangs of hunger for as many as 30 – 40 days. Moulăna Rumi (R) became so attached to Shams Tabrez, that it is reported that both remained in holy communion for 6 months, in a room where none dared to enter except Shaykh Salahuddin. The company of Shams Tabrez opened new in roads into the hidden and now Moulăna Rumi (R) felt a great urge to grasp the mysteries of earth and heaven through spiritual illumination. Moulăna Rumi (R) says in a couplet:
“Shams Tabez was it, who led me to the path of reality, for the earth I have is simply his bounty.”
Departure of Shams Tabrez: Moulăna Rumi (R) had given up teaching and delivering lectures due to his learning from his spiritual mentor Shams Tabrez. This was intensely resented by his followers, disciples and friends. Shams Tabrez, realising that the blame was being put on him, discreetly left Konya, on the 21st Shawwăl 643 A.H, after a stay of about 16 months.
Moulăna Rumi (R) now promoted Shaykh Salăhuddin as his confident and chief assistance. After the death of Salăhuddin, Chelebi Hishămuddin Turk as his spiritual vicegerent, who was his successor for 11 years.
Character, Simplicity, Prayers, Humility and Generosity:
Whenever he went out, a large number of students, theologians and even nobles accompanied him on foot. The Kings and chiefs of state received him with the highest honour, he continued to teach and give juristic opinions. He was of simple and frugal habits. He never had a pillow nor a bedding nor did he ever lie down for taking a rest. Whenever he felt drowsy, he took a nap wherever he was sitting. Whenever presents where he received he often passed it on to Salăhuddin or Hishămuddin. He used to be very pleased when there used to be no provisions in his own house.
Whenever time of Salăt came Moulăna Rumi (R) was a completely change man, his face turning pale would soon be lost in Salăt. It is related that it was often that Moulăna Rumi (R) spent the whole night in 2 rakăts of Salăt. Once Moulăna Rumi (R) was performing Salăt in cold, bitter night winter, when his tears trickled down his face onto his beard, turning into ice due to the intense cold, withstanding this he remained occupied in Salăt unaware of this. No beggar was turned away without being given something, he never buttoned his gown or shirt so that it might be easier for him to take it off, in case anybody asked him for it.
Compilation of the Mathnawi:
Moulăna Rumi (R) was endowed with a love so fervent that he could not do without a close companion with whom he could share the mysteries of Tasawwuf, as experienced by him. First he selected Shams Tabrez, whose place was taken by Salăhuddin than Hishămuddin. There had been a gap of two years in the compilation of the Mathnawi. However after that Moulăna Rumi (R) took up the task continuing it for the next 15 years till his death. The “Mathnawi” is itself a proof of Moulăna Rumi,s (R) yearning for love, as Moulăna Rumi (R) had been endowed with a tremendous spiritual enthusiasm and a fervour of love which was lying dormant. And this very fervour compelled him to compile the Mathnawi as he says:
“Flow of speech from the heart is a sign of intimate friendship, obstruction of speech arises from lack of intimacy.”
The Mathnawi is a collection of heart – rendering lyrics. It unveils the inner most feeling of its author. The Mathnawi affords a glimpse of Moulăna Rumi (R) ardent love and fervour of spiritual yearnings, certitude of knowledge and strong faith. Moulăna Rumi (R) revived when the spirit of “Divine Love” during the 7th century when the people had forgotten Divine Love (i.e. love of Allah). As he says on page 300 of his Mathnawi (Vol. IV);
“By the Love bitter things become sweet; by love pieces of copper turn into Gold;
By Love dregs (residue) become clear; by love pains become healing.
By Love prisons become a garden; Sans (without) love the garden becomes desolate;
By Love stone turns into liquid; devoid of it wax gets hard as metal;
By Love illness contributes health; and the scourge (pain) becomes a blessing;
By Love the dead is made Living; by love the King is made a slave.”
In another couplet he says:
“Love is the only melody welcomed by its sufferer, who never desires to recover from it. All the sick hope to be cured, but this sick one sobs, crying “Increase my Sickness”
It is related that Konya was continuously rocked by earthquakes for 40 days before his death. He passed away at the age of 68 years and 3 months, on the 5th of Jamădiul Ăkhir 672 A.H. It is said that the number of people who flocked to join the funeral procession was so great that bier taken out early morning could reach the burial place by sunset. He was laid to rest next to the Saints of Islăm.
Article taken (with Thanks) from I.T.A
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