Sikhism is a non-Semitic, Aryan,
non-Vedic religion. It is a religion that has the
sixth largest following in the world. Some consider it
as an offshoot of Hinduism. It was founded by Guru
Nanak at the end of the 15th century. It originated in
the area of Pakistan and North West India called
Punjab, meaning the land of the five rivers. Guru
Nanak was born in a Kshatriya (warrior caste)
Hindu family but was very strongly influenced by Islam
DEFINITION OF SIKH AND SIKHISM:
The word Sikh is
derived from the word sisya meaning disciple or
follower. Sikhism is a religion of ten Gurus,
the first Guru being Guru Nanak and the tenth and the
last being Guru Gobind Singh. The sacred book of
Sikhism is Sri Guru Granth also called Adi Granth
THE FIVE Ks:
Every Sikh is supposed to
keep the following five Ks, which also serve to
identify him as a Sikh:
Kesh uncut hair.
Kanga comb; used to keep the hair clean.
Kada metal or steel bangle; for strength and
Kirpan dagger; for self-defence.
Kaccha special knee length underwear or
under-drawer for agility.
CONCEPT OF GOD IN SIKHISM:
MULMANTRA: THE FUNDAMENTAL CREED OF SIKHISM
The best definition that
any Sikh can give regarding the concept of God in
Sikhism is to quote the Mulmantra the
fundamental creed of Sikhism, which occurs at the
beginning of Sri Guru Granth Sahib.
It is mentioned in Sri
Guru Granth Sahib, volume 1 Japuji, the first
"There exists but one
God, who is called The True, The Creator, Free from
fear and hate, Immortal, Not begotten, Self-Existent,
Great and Compassionate."
Sikhism is a monotheistic Religion:
Sikhism enjoins its
followers to practise strict monotheism. It believes
in only One Supreme God who is, in the unmanifest
form, called Ek Omkara.
In the manifest form He
is called Omkara and has several attributes
Kartar The Creator
Akal The Eternal
Sattanama The Holy Name
Sahib The Lord
Parvardigar The Cherisher
Rahim The Merciful
Karim The Benevolent
He is also called Wahe Guru the One true God.
Besides Sikhism being
strictly monotheistic, it also does not believe in
Avataravada the doctrine of incarnation.
Almighty God does not incarnate Himself in what is
known as Avatara. Sikhism is also strongly
against idol worship.
Guru Nanak was influenced by
Guru Nanak was influenced
by the sayings of Sant Kabir so much that several
chapters of Sri Guru Granth Sahib contain couplets of
One of the famous
couplets of Sant Kabir is:
mein sumirana sabh karein
Sukh mein karein na koya
Jo sukh mein sumirana karein
To dukh kaye hoye?"
"In times of trouble, God
is remembered by all
But none remembers Him during peace and happiness.
If God is remembered in good times of happiness
Why should trouble occur?"
Compare this with the
following verse of the Quran:
some trouble toucheth man,
He crieth unto his Lord,
Turning to Him in repentance:
But when He bestoweth
A favour upon him
As from Himself,
(Man) doth forget what he cried
And prayed for before,
And he doth set up
Rivals unto Allah."
The Sikh scriptures
therefore emphasize monotheism and God-consciousness.