By Mufti Taqi Usmani
Sadaqat-ul-fitr is an obligation for
every Muslim, male or female, who owns 613.35 grams of silver or its equivalent,
either in the form of money, ornaments, stock-in-trade, or in the form of some
goods or commodities beyond one's normal needs. Every person who owns such an
amount has to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr, not only on behalf of himself but also on
behalf of his minor children. The prescribed amount of Sadaqat-ul-fitr is 1.75
Kilograms of wheat or its value in money. This amount is prescribed for paying
Sadaqat-ul-fitr for one person only. If a person has some minor children, the
same amount has to be paid on behalf of each one of them separately. The
following points must be remembered concerning the payment of Sadaqat-ul-fitr.
1. Sadaqat-ul-fitr is obligated on each adult male or female separately, and the
relevant adult person himself is responsible to pay it. The husband is not
required to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his wife nor is the wife supposed
to pay it on behalf of her husband. Similarly, a father is not bound to pay
Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of his adult children or vice-versa. However, if the
head of the family, by his own free will, wishes to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr for each
one of the members of his family, he should seek their authorization for that
purpose. In this case the Sadaqat-ul-fitr paid by him will be valid on their
behalf. If he did not pay the Sadaqat-ul-fitr on behalf of any of the members of
his family, he will not be responsible for it. Rather, it is the duty of every
adult member of the family to discharge his own obligation or to request the
head of the family to pay it on his or her behalf.
2. It is a Sunnah that the Sadaqat-ul-fitr is paid before performing the 'Eid
prayer. It can also be paid before the 'Eid day, but it is not advisable to
delay it up to the performance of'Eid prayer. However, if a person has failed to
pay on its proper time, he should pay it as soon as possible, whereby the
obligation will stand discharged.
3. The Sadaqat-ul-fitr is not necessary on behalf of a child who was born after
the break of dawn in the 'Eid day, nor is it necessary to pay Sadaqat-ul-fitr on
behalf of a person who dies before the dawn of the Eid day.
4. Sadaqat-ul-fitr should be paid only to a person who is entitled to receive
Source: Taken (with Thanks) from Albalagh.net