||The Myth of a “Ja’fari” Madhhab|
Sincere Muslims who may possess good intent, but are
insufficiently educated in their Deen, are misled into accepting a myth of a
so-called “fifth Madhhab” referred to as the “Ja’fari Madhhab,” supposedly named
after Imam Sayyid Ja’far as-Sadiq, radiyallahu ‘anh. The above-mentioned are
unaware of the fact that no such Madhhab exists, is not accepted by Muslims as a
“fifth Madhhab,” and is a continuous attempt by Shiites to gain acceptance
from Muslims under the guise of a school of Islamic Law (Shari’ah). Examination
of this “Madhhab” by one who does not have a firm foundation in Shari’ah or a
sound grasp on the existence and history of Islamic Law will lead one to
unknowingly think: “This is very similar to the Maliki and Hanafi Madhhab.” A
brief glance at the history of this hoax, who it is named after, and where its
name really originates is necessary in order to understand its inception.
Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (radiyallahu ‘anh) was a blessed Wali of Allah who revived
al-Islam in Madinah, upholding the letter and spirit of al-Islam. By lineage, he
is Sayyid Abu Abdullah Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn al-Husain ibn Ali ibn Abu
Talib al-Hashimi; son of Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad al-Baqir and father of Imam
Musa al-Kazim (radiyallahu ‘anhuma).
As it is well known, the Four Imams of Fiqh wrote many books pertaining to
Islamic Jurisprudence, Doctrine, and Worship. Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (radiyallahu
‘anh) did not write any books on such matters, but as related in
Asmaa’ul-Mu’allifeen, three books were written by Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq: 1.)
Taqseem-i-Ru’ya, 2.) Jami’atu fil-Jafr, and 3.) Kitab-ul-Jafr. The word Jafr
means a four month-old lamb. When referenced in scientific terminology, the word
“Jafr” relates to a branch of predicting future events beforehand. In the
narrative of Sayyid Abdul-Wahhab and Kamus-ul-A’lam, it is related that the
first book written in this science was by Hazrat Babul-‘Ilm Ali ibn Abu Talib (karramallah
wajhah). Two of the three books written by Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq were written on
sheets of sheepskin, and because of this, the science dealt with in these two
books was named ‘Ilm-i-Jafr.
A book titled Imam-i Ja’far Buyrugu, in the possession of Shiites today, was
written by a clergyman named Ja’far bin Husain al-Qummi (d. AD 951), who was the
first to write on religious practice in the Shi’ah religion. Abu Ja’far Muhammad
al-Tusi (d. AD 1068) wrote another book, titled Risala-i Ja’fariyyah, a
commentary consisting of twenty volumes. Putting forward the books written by
the two Ja’fars (al-Qummi and al-Tusi), Shiites name themselves “Ja’fari,” thus
attempting to project that they are directly following Hazrat Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq,
the way that Muslims who are Hanafi or Hanbali actually follow Imam Abu Hanifah
or Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal, respectively. Exploiting the similarity between the
words “Ja’far” and “Jafr,” Shiites assert that these two books, authored by Abu
Ja’far al-Tusi and Ja’far al-Qummi, were written by Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (radiyallahu
Clearly, the “Ja’fari Madhhab” is a case of word games being played. Some even
have the cheeks to say that it is the “Madhhab of Ahlul-Bayt.” The Four Madhhabs
of al-Islam (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i, and Hambali) were either founded by the
Imams themselves or by their students who expounded upon the decisions of the
Imams. The ‘Ilm of Hazrat Ja’far al-Sadiq can only find it in the Madhhabs of
Imam al-A’zam Abu Hanifah and Imam Malik ibn Anas (rahmatullahi alaihima), both
of whom were the only students of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq to have a Madhhab
founded. The direct connection with the Ahlul-Bayt is prevalent in Madhhab of
both. The Maliki Madhhab connects with Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq. The Hanafi Madhhab
connects to a total of five members from amongst the Ahli-Bait, four of which
being Imams. In addition to the gaining of ‘Ilm from Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, Imam
Abu Hanifah gained ‘Ilm from Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, Imam Zaid ibn Ali, and
Abdullah ibn Hasan ibn Ali (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). The Sahibain (Imam Muhammad
al-Shaibani and Imam Abu Yusuf al-Ansari) gained ‘Ilm from Imam Musa ibn Ja’far
al-Kazim (rahmatullahi ‘alaih). Thus, the true Madhhab of Ahlul-Bayt resides
within the Hanafi and Maliki Madhhabs.
From the facts presented, it is evident that the “Ja’fari Madhhab” is not only a
non-existent (and illegitimate) school of Islamic Law, but it is merely a cloak
utilized by Shiites, with their clergymen plagiarizing many of the works of
Islamic Jurists and placing the name Ja’fari (or Imami) upon them. Muslims
should not allow themselves or their family members to get tricked, swayed, or
softened by Shi’ah propaganda. If one wishes to gain the Fiqh of Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq
(radiyallahu ‘anh), then one does not have to look any further than the Hanafi
or Maliki Madhhab.
This pertaining specifically to the majority of Shi’ah, being that of the
Rawafidh. They now hide behind the following names:
spelled as: Ja’faria, Jaffaria, or Ja’fariyya).
also referring to themselves as Imami Madhhab).
(commonly seen as Twelvers).
(this is a misuse of the descriptive that is reserved only for the
descendents of Imam al-Husain ibn Ali, radiyallahu 'anh).
Mujtahid Imams are: Imam al-A’zam Abu Hanifah, Imam Malik ibn ‘Anas, Imam
Muhammad al-Shafi’, and Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal.
Taqi al-Qummi: a Shiite lobbyist for Dar al-Taqrib whose lobbying influenced the
ridiculous fatwa by Jami’ah al-Azhar declaring the “Ja’fari Madhhab” to be
permissible to Muslims.
taken (with Thanks) from MOA Fiqh Page