||Following Saudi moonsighting is OPEN MUNKAR (Wrong)!|
By Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Q) What is the opinion of the
honoured Mufti Sahib as regards to the under mentioned?
Recently the moonsighting issue has come under a lot of debate here in the U.K.
A great number of people are now very much aware of the flaws in following the
moonsighting news of Saudi Arabia. However it seems that the Deeni elders of the
community are stopping the majority from adopting the true and correct formula
as prescribed by the Wifaq ul Ulama. Even the Tablighi Jamaat, who normally
claims not to get involved in such controversial issues, has directly intervened
in stopping the majority from adopting the correct method. In a recent meeting
in Batley a member of the Shooraa of the Dewsbury Markaz, Janab Shabbir Daji,
personally disrupted a meeting in which he was not invited to attend the meeting
held by IMWS, he continuously supported the Saudi criteria, not allowing anyone
else to even speak on the matter. He and another member of the Dewsbury Shooraa,
Haji Bostan are also responsible for donating the costs of the book ‘qowl ul
faisal’ a book which tries to justify the Saudi criteria. This is after claiming
that the Tablighi Jamat do not get involved on issues of any Massail.
It has also been reported that Tablighi brothers in other areas of UK, are also
being a barrier for the Ahle Haq, despite Fatawas issued not only by yourself
but also from Darul Uloom Deoband, Jamia Islamia Dabhel, Mazhir ul Uloom
Saharanpur, Jamia Farooqia Karachi, Darul Uloom Kantharia, and Jamia Hussainiyah
Rander; that is not correct for the people of U.K. to follow Saudi Arabia in
moonsighting.( All these are posted on the website;www.wifaqululama.co.uk) This
also happens to be the opinion of the Ulamaa of Saudia One such brother from
Stamford Hill even stopped a prominent Mufti Sahib from even uttering the word
moon during a Bayaan.
My question to you would be that, is it permissible for these people to be a
barrier for the masses to practice upon the Haq?
In the eyes of Islamic law what is the position of these people?
Is it permissible for these non Aalim tablighees (who normally continue to
preach that the moon issue should remain only for the Ulamaa to discuss) to
meddle in the affairs of the Shariah?
Is this an ‘Ulamaa only’ issue? Or should the masses be made aware of the
reality of this important issue?
Are such people who stop the Haq being preached in the Masjid worthy of a post
in the management of the Masjid?
Can this issue be described as an Ijtihadi Masala?
What is the responsibility of Ulama of UK on this issue?
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatoh
It is very encouraging to note that there is an awakening in the regarding the
flaws and discrepancies of ’s criteria of commencing a lunar month.
Hereunder is a brief illustration of the discrepancy.
Allah says “They ask you (O Mohammed صلى الله عليه وسلم ) about the crescents,
say, the crescents are a means of calculating time for people (and a mean for
calculating) Hajj…(Al-Baqarah v. 189)
Allah declares the Hilaal (Crescent) to be criteria of time. A Hilaal (crescent)
is when the sun shines on the surface of the moon for a minimum of approximately
18 hours after passing the line of elongation before it is visible from earth.
See the diagram. The moon travelled
upwards the line of elongation till it became a hilaal at point d.
When Allah declares that the Hilaal is a criteria for time, any deviation from
that criteria is deviation from Qatiyyus Suboot and Qatiyyat ud Dalalah (express
and explicit order of Shariah).
There can never be a scope for another view in the presence of Qatiyyius Saboot
and Qatiyyat ud Dalalah. Allah declares Hilaal to be the criteria to calculate
time. We have to abide by that. Whoever goes against this criteria is guilty of
Nasee’ah (altering time) which is also expressly prohibited in the Quraan. (Tawba
This is a major sin and there is also fear of kufr depending on an individuals
approach and attitude towards violating an order of the Quraan which is (Qatiyyus
Saboot and Qatiyyat ud Dalalah).
All the Mufties are unanimous on the open and glaring discrepancies of the Saudi
criteria of commencing a lunar month. There are innumerable Fatawa on that. You
have also quoted the prominent and leading Darul Iftaas and Mufti’s Fatawa on
that. This was also a unanimous decision by all the senior Ulama of UK in 1975
in the presence of Sayyid Mufti Abdur Rahim Lajpur Saheb. This is clearly
recorded in Fatawa Rahimiyyah Vol 9 (old edition) and Vol 10 (new edition). The
resolve was to go by local moon sighting if possible or accept the rooyat of a
place where sighting is conducted according to Shariah. Alhamdulillah some of
the signatories on that fatwa are still alive and residing in .
It is fard upon the Ulama and senior people of to correct the open wrong of
following Saudi announcement of the lunar month.
It is disturbing to note that responsible people of the Tabligh Jamaat are
thwarting the efforts of Ulema e Haqq on Nahi Anil Munkar (stopping the wrong).
This attitude has been one of the two biggest concerns of Hazrat Maulana Ilyas
Saheb (R.A) before his death.
He expressed his concerns to Hazrat Mufti Shafi Saheb (R.A) that when non Ulema
lead this effort and non-Ulama are given prominent positions in tabligh, they
will lead the people astray. (Taqrir Tirmidhi Vol 5).
In the discussion of the imbalances of Tabligh Jamaat, in the above quoted
reference, Hazrat Mufti Taqi Uthmani Saheb Madda Zillohu states that:
The ignorant people engaged in this effort become Muftis and also issue Fatwas.
If responsible people of Tabligh Jamaat conduct themselves in a irresponsible
manner as explained by yourself, then that is a complete disservice to Deen. The
elders of the Markaz who are non-Ulama are engaged in “Fatawa” which is beyond
their jurisdiction and ability. That is extremely dangerous for the ummat.
One can understand the consequence of following the Fatwas of ignorant people
and becoming an obstacle in propagating Haqq and stop wrong. They cannot claim
being characterized by Amr bil Maroof and Nahi anil Munkar which is the salient
feature of the noble work of da’wah and tableegh..
Hazrath Moulana Inamul-Hasan Saheb (RA), the former Ameer of Tabligh has
categorically emphasized that an effort should be made to follow the correct
criteria of moon-sighting. His letters have been widely circulated and could be
seen on the website of Wifaaqul Ulama.
It is the responsibility of ever Muslim of UK, Ulama, Trustees of the masaajid
Organizations and masses to be firm on Haqq and not to compromise on this.
Following Saudi is a Munkar and an open wrong.
I urge the trustees and senior people of the different organizations to take
immediate control of the issue and avoid putting this issue under the carpet. If
elders do not do that, the consequences in light of the huge awakening and
restlessness on this issue will erupt in very ugly dimensions. Allah forbid.
And Allah knows best
Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah
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