Question: What is the ruling on a topi in shariah?
sunat, mustahab ect? If it is possible can you please provide daleel?
the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
Wearing a hat (Qalansuwa in Arabic) is the Sunnah of our blessed Messenger
of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace), Sahaba (Allah be pleased with
them all) and the great scholars and pious predecessors of this Ummah.
There are many evidences which support this. Just to mention a few:
1) Abdullah Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the
Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) used to wear a white
hat (Recorded by Tabrani).
2) Hasan al-Basri (Allah be pleased with him) says: “The people (Sahaba-Allah
be pleased with them all) used to perform Sajdah (prostration) upon their
turbans and hats (Sahih al-Bukhari, 1/151).
3) Rukanah (Allah be pleased with him) says, I heard the Messenger of
Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) say: “The difference between us and the
polytheists is, wearing the turban over the hat” (Sunan Abu Dawud, 4075 &
Sunan Tirmizi, 3919).
4) In the ‘Musannaf’ of Ibn Abi Shaybah, the wearing of a hat is reported
from Ali ibn al-Husain, Abdullah ibn Zubair, Dahhak and Abu Musa (Allah be
pleased with them all).
It is clear from the above that wearing a hat is a Sunnah. It has been the
practise of the Ummah throughout history, and has become one of the
symbols of Islam.
The great Hanafi jurist, Mullah Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him)
states that the wearing of the hat has become one of the salient symbols
of Islam. (Mirqat al-Masabih, vol.8 pg.246).
Due to the above, the scholars mention that even though, not wearing a hat
can not be classed as unlawful (haram), as it is a Sunnah, but due to the
fact that it has become one of the signs of Islam, it is generally
undesirable to keep the head exposed. One should try to keep the head
covered whenever reasonably possible.
And Allah knows best
Muhammad ibn Adam
Article taken (with
Thanks) from Darul Ifta
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