Salăh and pay Zakăt, and bow your heads with those who bow (in worship).”
DEFINITION OF ZAKĂT:
means to increase. In the Shar’iah it means to purify one’s possession by
distributing 2˝ % which has to be distributed to the poor. It is not a tax
but an Ibădat.
of wealth which makes one liable for Zakăt is called Nisăb.
gold is 87.48g and
RATE OF ZAKĂT:
The rate of
Zakăt is 2˝ %.
CONDITIONS FOR ZAKĂT TO BECOME FARDH:
be a Muslim;
(not on minors nor on the guardians of such belongings of minors);
be free (i.e. not a slave);
owned by one to the value of nisăb and to be in one’s possession for one
lunar year (i.e. at the beginning and end of the year to have nisăb
although in the interim it may decrease);
wealth must be Zakătable e.g. gold, money etc.
PRE-REQUISITES FOR ZAKĂT TO BE CORRECT:
the time of giving Zakăt, Niyyah (intention) should be made or at the time
of giving it to an agent for distribution;
the agent does not make the intention, but the owner has, then this will
poor person receiving the Zakăt should be made the owner and recipient,
meaning that he should have full control over it physically;
can only be given to Muslims
CATEGORIES OF ZAKĂTABLE ITEMS:
(i.e. items for resale);
(e.g. stock farming);
farming (e.g. orchards, fruit farms etc.) also known as Ushr.
trade debts are treated as cash for the purpose of Zakăt.
ZAKĂT IS NOT FARDH ON:
metals besides gold and silver or imitation jewellery;
and fittings of a shop, motor car, truck etc. which is used for the
running of a business;
pearls, other precious or semi-precious stones which are for personal use;
quarters, household, furniture, crockery, personal clothing;
of a scholar or tools of a tradesman etc.
WHO MAY RECEIVE ZAKĂT:
– The poor and those who own property in excess of basic necessities but
below the value of nisăb;
– The destitute and extremely poor;
– Persons appointed by an Islămic head of state to collect Zakăt, who are
paid from the Baitul Măl (public treasury) even though they may not be
Quloob – Those poor and needy persons who are given Zakăt with the express
intention of solidifying their hearts;
– Slaves who use this money for their freedom;
– One in debt;
– One in the path of Allah and is now in financial difficulty;
– A traveller who, whilst wealthy at his residence, is stranded and in
need of financial assistance.
NOT BE GIVEN TO:
may not be given to non Muslims;
wealthy person (i.e. one who possesses wealth equal to or more than nisăb);
is not payable to the family of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
i.e. the Banu Hashim, and the slaves freed by the Banu Hashim;
cannot be given to ones parents, grandfather, children, grandchildren,
spouse (ones husband or wife). (One may give Zakăt to brother, sister,
nephew, niece, uncle, aunts, parents in law, provided they are not liable
to give Zakăt).
may not pay the debts of a deceased nor buy a Kafn and pay the burial
expenses with Zakăt.
Article taken (with
Thanks) from I.T.A
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