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Completing Qur'aan in Taraweeh

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 Quran khatma

Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (RA) stated that to recite the (entire) Qur'an in taraweeh is recommended according to the agreement of the scholars of the Muslims.


There are numerous Authentic Ahadeeth about Sayyidina Jibrael (AS) reciting FULL Qur'aan to our Nabi (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) in Ramadhan and in the last year he actually recited "twice" which is the most common narration:

Hadeeth:


حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَصِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ كَانَ يَعْرِضُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ كُلَّ عَامٍ مَرَّةً فَعَرَضَ عَلَيْهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ فِي الْعَامِ الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ وَكَانَ يَعْتَكِفُ كُلَّ عَامٍ عَشْرًا فَاعْتَكَفَ عِشْرِينَ فِي الْعَام الَّذِي قُبِضَ فِيهِ


Narrated Abu-Huraira (RA): Sayyidina Jibrael (AS) used to repeat the recitation of the Qur'an with the Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) once a year, but he repeated it twice with him in the year he died. The Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) used to stay in I'tikaf for ten days every year (in the month of Ramadan), but he stayed for 20 days in the year he died. [Bukhari]

Here is the chapter from Saheeh Bukhari:

http://www.usc.edu/schools/college/crcc/engagement/resources/texts/muslim/hadith/bukhari/061.sbt.html

Hanafi Madhab:

Completing the Qur'aan in Taraweeh is Sunnah

Completing Qur'aan is sunna in it once in the month according to the correct position. (Nural-Idah)

This is the statement of the majority. Hasan (RA) has narrated it from Abu Hanifa (RA) that he recites in every unit ten verses or similar to it. It is also narrated from Abu Hanifa (RA) that he used to complete in Ramadan sixty one completions, every day one completion, every night one completion and in every tarawih one completion. He also prayed the Koran in two units and prayed dawn with nightfall ablution for forty years. (Commentary of Nural-Idah)

Imam Abu Haneefa (RA) was Salah himself i.e. he was born in year 80 AH and passed away in year so its personal practise of finishing a Qur'aan during Taraweeh is evidence itself.

تبيين الحقائق - (1 / 179)

وَرَوَى الْحَسَنُ عن أبي حَنِيفَةَ أَنَّهُ يَقْرَأُ في كل رَكْعَةٍ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ وَنَحْوِهَا وهو الصَّحِيحُ لِأَنَّ السُّنَّةَ فيها الْخَتْمُ مَرَّةً وهو يَحْصُلُ بِذَلِكَ مع التَّخْفِيفِ لِأَنَّ عَدَدَ رَكَعَاتِ التَّرَاوِيحِ في الشَّهْرِ سِتُّمِائَةِ رَكْعَةٍ وَعَدَدُ آيِ الْقُرْآنِ سِتَّةُ آلَافِ آيَةٍ وَشَيْءٌ فإذا قَرَأَ في كل رَكْعَةٍ عَشْرًا يَحْصُلُ الْخَتْمُ وَلَا يَتْرُكُ الْخَتْمَ مَرَّةً لِكَسَلِ الْقَوْمِ

فتاوى قاضيخان - (1 / 116)

والختم في التراويح مرة واحدة سنة

البحر الرائق - (2 / 74)

وَفِيهِ اخْتِلَافٌ وَالْجُمْهُورُ على أَنَّ السُّنَّةَ الْخَتْمُ مَرَّةً

الهداية - (1 / 93)

وأكثر المشايخ رحمهم الله على أن السنة فيها الختم مرة

مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر ** - (1 / 203)

والسنة فيها أي في التراويح من حيث القراءة الختم مرة

الفتاوى الهندية - (1 / 117)

السُّنَّةُ في التَّرَاوِيحِ إنَّمَا هو الْخَتْمُ مَرَّةً

المبسوط للسرخسي - (2 / 260)

لأن السنة في التراويح الختم مرة وبما أشار إليه أبو حنيفة رحمه الله تعالى يختم القرآن مرة فيها

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام - (2 / 44)

( وَالسُّنَّةُ الْخَتْمُ مَرَّةً ) وَيَخْتِمُ فِي لَيْلَةِ السَّابِعِ وَالْعِشْرِينَ لِكَثْرَةِ الْأَخْبَارِ بِأَنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ ( وَلَا يَتْرُكُ ) الْخَتْمَ مَرَّةً ( لِكَسَلِهِمْ ) أَيْ الْقَوْمِ

Here is the key passage:

 

واختلف فيه مشايخنا رحمهم الله تعالى قال بعضهم يقرأ مقدار ما يقرأ في المغرب تحقيقا لمعنى التخفيف لان النوافل يحسن ان تكون أخف من الفرائض وهذا شئ مستحسن لما فيه من درك الختم والختم سنة في التراويح وقال بعضهم في كل ركعة من عشرين آية إلى ثلاثين آية أصله ماروى عن عمر رضى الله عنه انه دعا ثلاثة من الائمة واستقرأهم فأمر أحدهم ان يقرأ في كل ركعة ثلاثين آية وأمر الآخر ان يقرأ في كل ركعة خمسة وعشرين آية وأمر الثالث ان يقرأ في كل ركعة عشرين آية وروى الحسن عن أبى حنيفة رحمهما الله تعالى ان الامام يقرأ في كل ركعة عشر آيات ونحوها وهو الاحسن لان السنة في التراويح الختم مرة وبما أشار إليه أبو حنيفة رحمه الله تعالى يختم القرآن مرة فيها لان عدد ركعات التراويح في جميع الشهر ستمائة وعدد آى القرآن ستة آلاف وشئ فإذا قرأ في كل ركعة عشر آيات يحصل الختم فيها ولو كان كما حكي عن عمر رضى الله عنه لوقع الختم مرتين أو ثلاثا قال القاضى الامام المحسن المروزى رحمه الله تعالى الافضل عندي ان يختم في كل عشر مرة وذلك ان يقرأ في كل ركعة ثلاثين آية أو نحوها كما أمر به عمر رضى الله عنه أحد الائمة الثلاثة ولان كل عشر مخصوص بفضيلة على حدة كما جاءت به السنة وبه نطق الحديث وهو شهر أوله رحمة ووسطه مغفرة وآخره عتق من النار فيحسن أن يختم في كل عشر ولان التثليث يستحب في كل شئ فكذا في الختم (المبسوط للسرخسي - مرقم - (2 / 146 

Not Completing the Qur'aan in Taraweeh is not blameworthy if people become impatient

If the people become impatient of it he recites an amount that does not turn them away according to the chosen position. (Nural-Idah)

This is because the best in our time is that which does not turn the group away as is mentioned in Ikhtiyar. Muhit mentions that the best in our time is to read with that which does not cause the people to turn away from group prayer because increasing the people is better than lengthening the recitation – and the fatwa is on this. The ascetic said that he recites as in sunset, i.e. the short mufassal after Fatiha. Restricting to less than three verses or one long verse after Fatiha is offensive because of leaving the necessary component. (Commentary of Nural-Idah)

Hanbali Madhab:

Completing the Qur'aan in Taraweeh is Recommended

Islam-qa states:

Firstly: It is better when reciting in Taraweeh to complete the Qur’aan once. This may be understood from the reports in al-Saheehayn which state that Jibreel used to study the Qur'aan with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Ramadaan, and review it with him.

Shaykhul-islam Ibn Taymiyyah (RA) stated...

...that to recite the (entire) Qur'an in taraweeh is recommended according to the agreement of the scholars of the Muslims. In fact, one of the intended objectives of taraweeh is to recite the Qur'an so that people can listen to the speech of Allah (swt). This is the case since Ramadan was the month in which the Qur'an descended, and in this month Jibreel used to revise the entire Qur'an with the Prophet (saw). The Prophet (saw) was also the most generous of people and he used to be even more generous in Ramadan when he used to meet Jibreel and revise the Qur'an with him. One should try and finish the Qur'an in the last taraweeh before the rukoo', and it is recommended for one to supplicate after that as was stated by Imam Ahmad. He also used in support of his view that he saw the people of Shaam as well as Sufyan bin 'Uyaynah doing that. It was also transmitted from the people of Basrah that they used to do that in addition to 'Uthman and other companions. And there is no harm if a person was to raise his hands in doing so. Likewise many scholars recommended that. Ibn Taymiyyah had a supplication for the khatm of the Qur'an which was very comprehensive. He said: 'It was reported that there is a supplication that is answered at the time of a khatmah. Thus if a person supplicated at the end of a khatmah for himself, his parents, his scholars, the believing men & women etc, then that is legislated.' It is befitting that the one who delays part of the taraweeh in the last ten nights to do so to the last part of the night, so that those who didn't attend the first part could attend the second part. Likewise they can begin another khatmah so that those who attend the second part of the prayer can listen to the entire Qur'an. (Zaad al Mustaqni’ by Imam Al Hajjaawi , commentary from Al Rawdh al Murbi’ by Imam Al Bahooti & Haashiyah of Ibn Qaasim)

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (RA) stated: 

It may be understood from this that if the imam recites the entire Qur’aan to the congregation during Ramadaan, this is a kind of this studying together, because this lets them benefit from hearing the entire Qur’aan. Hence Imam Ahmad (may Allaah have mercy on him) used to like to complete the Qur’aan with those whom he led in prayer, and this is akin to what the salaf did, namely liking to hear the entire Qur’aan. But this does not mean that he should rush and not be deliberate in his recitation, and not seek to be focused and calm, rather seeking these things is better than seeking to complete it.  (Majmoo’ Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baaz, 11/331-333)