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Taraweeh: 14th Night

This summary of the Fifteenth Tarawîh covers the Sixteenth Juz.

Beginning of the Sixteenth Juz

This part of Sûrah Kahf contains the incident of Dhul Qarnain whose kingdom was extremely extensive. He was a pious Mu'min who ruled very justly. It was during his reign that the barbaric tribes of Ya'jûj and Majûj plundered other nations and wreaked havoc in their lives. Dhul Qarnain stemmed their tide of anarchy by erecting a wall of iron and copper at their exit between two mountains. He made it clear to the people there that it was only Allâh's mercy that kept the wall from collapsing because it was merely a temporary object of this world. They were therefore to continue performing good acts and purge their actions of shirk. In this regard the final verse of the Sûrah reads: ‑‑‑So whoever aspires for the meeting with his Rabb should perform good acts and not associate anyone as partner to the worship of his Rabb." (verse 110)

Sûrah Maryam follows Sûrah Kahf. This Sûrah commences with mention of how Allâh blessed Hadhrat Zakariyyah Alayhis Salâm with a child after he had already reached an advanced age. His son was Hadhrat Yahya Alayhis Salâm, who was a soft‑hearted Nabî, who possessed a decisive sense of judgement. Thereafter Allâh relates the epic of Hadhrat Maryam Radiallâhu anha when she miraculously gave birth to Hadhrat Îsa Alayhis Salâm without a father. Many other Ambiyâ are mentioned thereafter. The objective of mentioning these Ambiyâ is to impress upon people's minds that all the Ambiyâ brought the same message that Rasulullâh brought. However, depravity crept into the lives of people through the passage of time and they resorted to kufr and shirk.

Towards the end of Sûrah Maryam, Allâh declares that it is profane to say that He has children because it does not behove His loftiness and grandeur to have any children. Claiming that Allâh has children is an open invitation to His wrath and punishment.

Sûrah Tâ-Hâ follows Sûrah Maryam. At the outset, Allâh addresses Rasulullâh saying, "We have not revealed the Qur'ân to you to cause you difficulty. However, it is an advice for him who fears." Allâh has not charged Rasulullâh with forcing people to believe when they do not want to. The Qur'ân will be of benefit to those who fear that Allâh will take them to task for their sins.

Thereafter, Allâh narrates the incident of Hadhrat Mûsa Alayhis Salâm. The Sûrah mentions the following events in Hadhrat Mûsa's Alayhis Salâm life:

  • When he was conferred to proclaim the mantle of Prophethood on the plain of Tuwa.
  • His miracles of the staff and shining hand.
  • His upbringing in Fir'aun's palace.
  • His preaching to Fir'aun.
  • His contest against the magicians.
  • His departure from Egypt with the Bani Isra'îl.
  • Fir'aun and his army's pursuit of the Bani Isrâ'îl and their eventual drowning.
  • The treachery and disobedience of the Bani Isrâ'îl which led them to take a calf as their deity.

Thereafter the Sûrah mentions Qiyâmah arid urges the performance of Salâh. Towards the end of the Sûrah Allâh says to the Mu'minîn, Never strain your eyes towards (do not long for) the splendour of the worldly life that We have granted groups of them (the Kuffâr) to enjoy as a test for them (to see which of them will use these bounties for Allâh's obedience and which of them will use it to anger Allâh). The provision of your Rabb (in the, Âkhirâh) is best and more lasting (than anything of this world) (verse 131).

End of the Sixteenth Juz