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Taraweeh: 5th Night

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Taraweeh: 5th Night

In the Name of Almighty Allah Most Gracious, Most Merciful

This summary, of the fifth Tarawîh covers the entire sixth Juz.

One of the central themes of Sûrah Mâ'idah is that the laws of the Sharî'ah must be revered and upheld. In explaining this, the following injunctions have been highlighted:

  1. Hunting is prohibited after entering into the ihrâm.
  2. Halâl animals may be consumed only when they are slaughtered in Allâh's name. Carrion is Harâm, as is the flesh of:
    1. pigs,
    2. those animals that have been slaughtered in the name of any being besides Allâh,
    3. those animals that have been throttled,
    4. those that were beaten to death,
    5. those that fell to their deaths,
    6. those killed by collision, and
    7. those that died after being attacked by wild beasts.
  3. Allâh tells man that he should never attempt to foretell the future by means of omens and other means of divining because such acts are the practice of sinners. All good and evil are in Allâh's control. Allâh tells the Muslims that they should have firm faith in their Dîn of Islâm which Allâh has perfected, thereby completing His enormous bounty on them. Therefore, Muslims should uphold the sanctity of Islâmic injunctions and critically distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful. Muslims are enjoined to abstain from evil and to be grateful.

Sûrah Mâ'idah contains laws that relate to man's religious, civil, social and political life. This Sûrah contains detailed guidance about:

  • The etiquette of the Hajj journey
  • Revering the landmarks of Dîn
  • The perimeters of Halâl and Harâm
  • Marriage and interaction with the Ahlul Kitâb [Jews and Christians]
  • The laws of Wudhu, Ghusl and Tayammum
  • Dealing with rebellion
  • The punishment for robbery and theft
  • The prohibition of liquor and gambling
  • The Kafâra [atonement] for breaking vows and
  • The detailed laws concerning testimony

Allâh ordains that the hand of a male or female thief is to be cut off. The Muslims are also warned against taking the Jews and Christians as friends. Allâh makes it clear that the belief in the 'Trinity' constitutes kufr and that enmity and hatred for the Muslims have been entrenched into the hearts of the Kuffâr until Qiyâmah.

Allâh entreats Rasulullâh Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, not to be grieved about the disbelief of the Kuffâr because he is not responsible for them. Sûrah Mâ'idah also states that Jannah is forbidden for the Mushrikîn and that oppressors will have none to aid them against Allâh. Allâh says that those people of the past who adhered to the divine religions of their times will attain salvation if they firmly believed in Allâh and in the Day of Qiyâmah.

End of the Sixth Juz