Guidelines and Information
Quick View of Benefits:
of the Miswaak:
1. Miswaak strengthens the
gums and prevents tooth decay.
2. Miswaak assists in eliminating toothaches and prevents further increase
of decay which has already set in.
3. Miswaak creates a fragrance in the mouth.
4. Miswaak is a cure for illness.
5. Miswaak eliminates bad odors and improves the sense of taste.
6. Miswaak sharpens the memory.
7. Miswaak is a cure for headaches.
8. Miswaak creates lustre (noor) on the face of the one who continually
9. Miswaak causes the teeth to glow.
10. Miswaak strengthens the eyesight.
11. Miswaak assists in digestion.
12. Miswaak clears the voice.
13. The greatest benefit of using miswaak is gaining the pleasure of Allah.
14. The reward of Salaah (Prayers) is multiplied 70 times if Miswaak
was used before it.
when usage of Miswaak is Sunnah:
1. For the recitation of the
2. For the recitation of Hadith.
3. When the mouth emits and odor.
4. For the learning or teaching of virtues of Islaam.
5. For making Dhikrullah (Remebrance of Allah, meditation).
6. After entering ones home.
7. Before entering any good gathering.
8. When experiencing pangs of hunger and thirst.
9. After the signs of death are evident.
10. At the time of Sehri.
11. Before meals.
12. Before undertaking a journey.
13. On returning from a journey.
14. Before sleeping.
15. Upon awakening.
long should a Miswaak be?:
Miswaak should not be longer than a "span" i.e. the maximum
distance between the tips of the thumb and little finger, and it should
not be thicker than a finger's breadth.
should it be used?:
Miswaak should be held in such a manner that the small finger and thumb
is below the miswaak and the remaining fingers on its upper side.
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The Whole Story
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) laid great stress on the use of the
Miswaak (a tree-twig used for cleansing the teeth). One of the Sunnats
of Wudhu is to use a Miswaak. Wherever a Miswaak is available and is not
used, the full beauty and complete Sawaab of the Wudhu is not realised.
There are numerous benefits and advantages in using a Miswaak.
OF THE MISWAAK:
Miswaak, a tree-twig, was in use for brushing and cleansing the teeth
long before the advent of our Holy Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).
In fact the records of our Nabi Muhummad's (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
Ahadith indicate that the Miswaak was the "Sunnah" or practice
of all the Ambiyaa (Prophets of Allah)—Peace be upon them.
Ayyub (R) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
things are amongst the practices of the Ambiyaa —circumcision, application
of perfume, Miswaak and marriage'."
other Ahadith of our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) also mention the
Miswaak to have been the practice of the Prophets (Upon Whom Be Peace).
Thus, we can safely claim that the practice of using the Miswaak is as
old as mankind itself since Mankind's origin on the planet was with the
appearance of the first Nabi of Allah, viz. Adam (A.S.). Therefore, among
the many advantages and benefits of using the Miswaak, one of the greatest
benefits is the good-fortune of being associated with the Ambiyaa in this
holy practice. On the other hand, those who neglect the use of the Miswaak
invite upon themselves a great misfortune by being deprived of the tremendous
amount of Sawaab (Reward) which this noble practice carries.
Ibn Ismail says:
surprises me how people could forgo such a great Sunnah, the significance
of which many Ahadith of our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) explain.
Remember that it is a great loss to neglect the Miswaak."
IMPORTANCE OF THE MISWAAK IN ISLAM:
has accorded an elevated status to the Miswaak. Its importance has been
stressed in many Ahadith of our Holy Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).
The statements and examples of the Sahaba and the Ulama of Islam regarding
this practice bear testimony in abundance of the significance of the Miswaak.
Umar (R) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
a regular practice of the Miswaak, for verily, it is healthy for the mouth
and it is a Pleasure for the Creator (i.e. Allah is pleased with the Muslim
who uses the Miswaak)'."
is clear from this Hadith that two types of benefits accrue from the use
of the Miswaak. These could be categorised as follows:
UKHRAWI or Benefits which relate to the Hereafter;
(2) DUNYAWI or Benefits which relate to this worldly life.
Ukhrawi category comprises the various Sawaabs (Rewards) which the Servant
of Allah will obtain in the Hereafter for using the Miswaak. The Dunyawi
category comprises the immediate benefits or advantages accruing to the
physical human body by the constant use of the Miswaak.
prime motive of the true Believer in his use of the Miswaak is his desire
to obtain the first category of Benefits, i.e. Ukhrawi, the obtainal of
the second category being a necessary corollary. This is so, since the
only factor which governs the motive and intention of the Believer in
his Ibaadat (Worship) is the Pleasure of Allah, our Creator, Nourisher
and Sustainer. Hadhrat Ali (R), the fourth Khalif of Islam said:
the Miswaak (i.e. its use) incumbent upon you, and be constant in this
practice because Allah's Pleasure is in it and it increases the Reward
of Salat from ninety-nine times to four hundred times."
fact, the importance of the Miswaak is such that at one stage our Nabi
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was under the impression that Allah
Ta'aala might decree the use of the Miswaak Fardh (compulsory) upon the
Ummah (Islamic Nation).
Umamah (R) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
the Miswaak, for verily, it purifies the mouth, and it is a Pleasure for
the Lord. Jib-ra-eel (A.S.) exhorted me so much to use the Miswaak that
I feared that its use would be decreed obligatory upon me and upon my
Ummah. If I did not fear imposing hardship on my Ummah I would have made
its use obligatory upon my people. Verily, I use the Miswaak so much that
I fear the front part of my mouth being peeled (by constant and abundant
brushing with the Miswaak)'."
Hurairah (R) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
'Was it not for my fear of imposing a difficulty on my Ummah I would have
ordered that the Miswaak be used for every Salaat'."
Shah Waliullah (R) relates the following
Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
was commanded to use the Miswaak to such an extent that I thought the
Miswaak would be made obligatory'."
Abbas (R) narrates the following Hadith:
"The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
was commanded so much to use the Miswaak that I thought Wahi of the Qurtaan
(Revelation) would be revealed, regarding it (i.e. its use)'."
the use of the Miswaak was not made Fardh (compulsory) upon the Ummah,
nevertheless its use was Fardh upon our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam).
This is borne out by the following Hadith:
(R) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): said:
(practices), viz., Miswaak, Witr Salaat and Tahajjud Salaat, are Sunnat
for you and Fardh for me'."
Abu Hurairah (R) narrates:
Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would use the Miswaak
(regularly) prior to sleeping and after rising from sleep."
Ghazali (R), in his Ihya-ul-Uloom, has enum,erated ten Aadaab (Respects
or duties) of sleep. The very first of these being purity and the use
of the Miswaak (before sleeping).
Sha'rani (R) states in the Kitaab, Kashful Ghummah, that Rasulullah (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam): advised:
you retire for sleep, use the Miswaak."
Abu Hamid (R) has said likewise in his Kitaab known as RAUNAQ.
Ibn Umar (R) says that many a time Rasulullah used the Miswaak as much
as four times in a single night. Hadhrat Aishah (R) narrates:
the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would use the Miswaak
before making Wudhu (ablutions) whenever he arose from sleep, whether
it be during the night or during the day."
Ahadith have been narrated by Imam Ahmad (R) and Abu Yatlaa (R). Imam
Ghazali (R] has mentioned in his Ihya-ul-Uloom that a person before sleeping
at night should keep his water and Miswaak ready and close at hand. As
soon as he wakes from sleep during the night he should immediately use
the water and the Miswaak, and engage in the remembrance of Allah. Hadhrat
Ibn Abbas (R) states:
Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam): would use the Miswaak
at night time (i.e. Tahajjud time) after every two Rakaats Salaat he (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam) performed."
Aini (R) has recorded the following in Bunayah
is Mustahab to use the Miswaak after every two Rakaats of Tahajjud Salaat
(i.e. the Salaat which is performed after midnight), as well as on Fridays,
before sleeping, after Witr Salaat and when rising in the morning."
UPON ENTERING HOME:
(R) narrates that he asked Aisha (R): 'What was the first thing Rasulullah
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) did upon entering the house?'
(R) replied: 'Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would use
UPON LEAVING HOME:
Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) left the house he would use the
BEFORE AND AFTER MEALS:
Hurairah (R) said:
have used the Miswaak before sleeping, after rising, before eating and
after eating, ever since I heard the Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
BEFORE RECITING THE HOLY QUR'AAN:
Ali (R) said:
your mouths are the pathways of the Qur'aan (i.e. you recite with your
mouth), therefore cleanse your mouth with the Miswaak thoroughly'."
use of the Miswaak has greater emphasis when one intends to perform Salaat,
Wudhu and reciting the Qur'aan."
Sabaaq (R) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said
on one Friday:
Gathering of Muslims, Allah has made this Day (Friday) a Day of Eid for
Muslims, therefore, bathe (on this day), use perfume and regard the use
of the Miswaak (on this day) as an obligation upon you'."
Bin Hanief states that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that
to bathe and use the Miswaak on Fridays are of the Hugooq (Rights or Duties)
Bin Rabiyah (R) narrates:
have seen Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) using the Miswaak many
a time while fasting'."
another Hadith our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said that one of
the best characteristics of a fasting person is his use of the Miswaak.
majority of the Ulama have opined that it is Sunnat to use the Miswaak
while fasting. It is recorded in Fataawa Siraajiah that a fasting person
may use a dry or a moist (i.e. fresh, green) Miswaak.
is recorded in many Ahadith that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) and his Sahaba were in the habit of having their Miswaaks on
their persons while on a journey or during battles. In the Kitaab, Kashful
Ghummah it is mentioned that during battle the Companions of Rasulullah
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) would store their Miswaaks in the scabbards
of their swords for use at the time of Salaat.
Sha'rani (R) states in Kashful Ghummah that the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam) said:
spurns or rejects the Miswaak is not of us (Muslims)."
Ibn Mubarak (R) said:
the inhabitants of a city spurn and reject the use of the Miswaak, the
Ruler should wage battle against them like he would wage war against the
renegades or murtad-deen."
the aforegoing Ahadith of our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the
statements of the learned jurists of Islam point clearly to the tremendous
importance of the Miswaak in Islam. However, despite its elevated status,
significance and importance, this noble practice is neglected and generally
discarded by present day Muslims. Needless to say, this is one of the
examples of the spiritual and worldly decadence that have set into the
revival of the practice of using the Miswaak instead of the various substitutes
is of utmost importance to Muslims. In times such as the present age when
we are confronted and surrounded by the satanic forces of irreligiosity,
materialism, atheism, vice and immorality, it is of greater importance
that Muslims strive most ardently to re-instate the practices or the Sunnah
of our beloved Nabi it;. And, of these is the Miswaak. Substitutes, e.g.
toothpowders, brushes, etc., should only be resorted to in the event of
the non-availability of the Miswaak. To revive a "lost" or a
forgotten Sunnah of our Nabi it:—a Sunnah which the followers of Islam
have murdered—carries a great and mighty Thawaab (Reward). In this regard
our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
who holds on firmly to my Sunnah at a time when my Ummah are (grovelling)
in corruption will receive a reward of a hundred martyrs."
indeed the MISWAAK IS A GREAT SUNNAH.
SAHABAS (COMPANIONS) AND THE MISWAAK:
Sahabas (R) who were the best and the noblest examples and teachers of
the Sunnah of our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) viewed the Miswaak
in a very serious light and regarded it as a practice of supreme holiness.
Their constant use of the Miswaak, their continuous exhortations to use
the Miswaak and their warnings to those who neglect the Miswaak are ample
evidence of the nobility and the importance attached to this practice
of using the Miswaak.
Abbas, Ali and Ataa (R) said:
the Miswaak as an obligation on you, and do not be neglectful of it. Be
constant in using it, for verily, in it lies the Pleasure of Allah, The
Merciful, and in it is greater reward for Salaat . . ."
Bin Atiyyah (R) said:
"Miswaak is half of Imaan, and Wudhu is half of Imaan."
Aziz Abu Dawood (R) said:
things of a Muslim are among the best of practices—
Performing Tahajjud Salaat, and
Constancy in the use of the Miswaak."
ULAMA AND MISWAAK:
Shaukani (R) said:
is one of the Laws of Shariah. And, this fact is as clear as daylight.
This has been conceded by the peoples of the world."
Sha'rani (R) said:
pledge has been taken from us on behalf of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) that we be steadfast in the use of the Miswaak at the time of
making Wudhu. Should any of us be forgetful then he should tie the Miswaak
with a string and hang it around his neck or keep it in his turban (so
that it will be at hand when making Wudhu). The general public has broken
this pledge . . . It (constancy in the use of the Miswaak) is indicative
of the strength of one's Imaan and the degree of respect one has for the
Laws of Allah and His Rasool (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). The Messenger
of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) emphasised the use of the Miswaak.
And, Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) was not satisfied merely
with issuing an order once, but repeatedly exhorted his followers (regarding
my Brother. Be constant in the Sunnah of Muhammad if: so that you may
attain the great rewards of the Hereafter. Verily, for every Sunnah there
is a rank in Jannat and this rank is obtained only by fulfilment of that
the indolent and neglectful people who say that it is
to leave this practice (Miswaak) it will be said on the Day of Qiyamah:
'Today, it is permissible to deprive you of this Rank in Jannah.'
Qaasim Ibn Qasi (R) has stated this in his Kitaab. Khulun Na'lain."
Aini (R) says:
Amr (R) said that upon the significance of the Miswaak concensus of opinion
exists. There is no difference of opinion on this score. According to
all learned men of Islam, Salaat performed after using the Miswaak is
far nobler than a Salaat without Miswaak. Auzaai (R) said that Miswaak
is half of Wudhu."
Muhammad (R) said:
over a hundred Hadith have been narrated regarding the significance of
the Miswaak. Therefore, it is a great astonishment to behold that so many
among mankind as well as among the learned neglect such an important practice
which has been emphasized to such an extent. This is a great loss."
OR RESPECTS TO BE OBSERVED REGARDING THE MISWAAK:
majority of the Ulama hold the view that the use of the Miswaak is not
Fardh (compulsory). Howeyer, despite it not being decreed Fardh by the
Shariah, it is of utmost importance. It is likewise essential that all
the Aadaab pertaining to the Miswaak be observed. Neglect of the Aadaab
is a sign of spiritual indolence and weakness of Imaan. In order to achieve
the Sawaub of a particular practice in full measure it is necessary that
the Aadaab relating to the practice be observed. If neglect is shown towards
the Aadanb, the final result will be the neglect of that very practice.
In the Kituab, Ta'leemul Muta-allim the following is stated:
who becomes neglectful about the Aadaab is deprived of the Sunnats; and
he who becomes neglectful of the Sunnats is deprived of the Faraa-idh
(compulsory acts); and he who becomes neglectful of the Faraaidh is deprived
of the Hereafter."
Abu Laith Samarqandi (R) states:
long as the Servant of Allah safeguards the Aadaab Satan does not attempt
to assault him (i.e. mislead him). However, when he neglects the Aadaab
Satan makes advances into the Sunnats (i.e. misleads the Servant from
the Sunnats). Thereafter follows Satan's assault on the faraa-idh (compulsory
duties). This is followed by Satan's assault on Ikhlaas (sincerity), and
finally on Yaqeen (Faith). Hence, it is necessary for a
person to protect the Aadaab of all his affairs and actions, e g. the
Aadaab of selling and the Aadaab of Wudhu, Salaat, buying, etc.
is permissible to take for a Miswaak all types of tree twigs provided
these are not harmful or poisonous. It is forbidden to use a Miswaak from
a poisonous tree. Miswaaks from the following trees are not
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) FORBADE THE USE OF Raihaan as Miswaak
because it causes the sickness, Juz-zaam
following are the types of Miswaak are recommended:
(1) Peelo tree
(2) Zaitoon or Olive tree
(3) Bitam or
(4) Any bitter tree
(5) Walnut tree
of the Peelo Tree:
the best of Miswaaks is the Peelo, then the Olive."
best type of Miswaak is that which is taken from the Peelo tree. In the
Kitaab, Ta-heelul Manaa-fi' it is mentioned that the miswaak of
the Peelo tree is excellent for obtaining the glow or glitter of the teeth.
Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) also praised and recommended the Peelo
tree for Miswaak purposes. Besides recommending the Peelo tree, Rasulullah
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) as well as the Sahaabas (R) used Miswaaks
of this tree. Ibn Sa'd (R) narrates that Abu Khabrah (R) said:
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) presented me with a Miswaak of the Peelo
tree, and he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said:
the Miswaak of the Peelo tree'."
Masood (R) said:
always kept a stock of Peelo Miswaaks for Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi
the Kitaab, Mawaahib, it is stated that the Companions of Imam Shafi (R)
have recorded Concensus of Opinion among them on the fact that the use
of the Peelo Miswaak is Mustahab (i.e. an Islamic practice which carries
much Sawaab (Reward) if upheld, and in the event of not fulfilling it
no punishment will be meted out).
of the Olive Tree:
(Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has spoken highly of the Miswaak of this
tree as well. The following Hadith brings out the significance of the
Olive tree Miswaak:
the Miswaak of the Olive tree. It is the Miswaak of a Mubarak (auspicious
or gracious) tree. It purifies and makes wholesome the mouth. It removes
the yellowishness of the teeth. It is my (i.e. Rasulullah's (Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam)) Miswaak and the Miswaak of the Ambiyaa (Prophets) who
came before me."
of the Bitam Tree:
another Hadith it is stated that in the absence of the Peelo tree the
Olive tree should be used, and in the absence of the Olive Miswaak, the
Bitam tree Miswaak should be used.
of some bitter tree:
none of the three abovementioned types of Miswaak is available, a Miswaak
of any bitter tree should be used
. . Thereafter it is Mustahab to use a Miswaak of a bitter tree because
the Miswaak of a bitter tree removes odor of the mouth to a greater extent."
Alamgiri it is stated that the Miswaak of a bitter tree makes the mouth
wholesome, strengthens the teeth and the gums.
of the Walnut Tree:
of the Walnut tree has been recommended in the Kitaab, Taise.
OR INTENTION OF USING THE MISWAAK:
of using the Miswaak should be made prior to its use."
following duaa should also be recited at the time of using the Miswaak:
"O Allah, Purify my mouth: Enlighten my heart: Purify my body; And
make my body unlawful to the Fire."
(Etiquette) OF THE MISWAAK:
The Miswaak should be a straight twig, devoid of roughness.
The Miswaak should be clean.
The Miswaak should not be too hard nor too soft.
The Miswaak should not be used while one is lying down.
The new Miswaak should be approximately 8 inches (a hand-span) in length.
The Miswaak should be the thickness of the forefinger.
Before using the Miswaak, it should be washed.
After use it should be washed as well.
The Miswaak should not be sucked.
The Miswaak should be placed vertically when not in use. It should not
be thrown onto the ground.
If the Miswaak is dry it should be moistened with water prior to use.
This is Mustahab. It is preferable to moisten it with Rose water.
The Miswaak should not be used in the toilet.
The Miswaak should be used at least thrice (brush three times) for each
section of the mouth, e.g. brush the upper layer of teeth thrice, then
the lower layer thrice, etc.
The Miswaak should not be used at both ends.
The Miswaak should not be taken from an unknown tree as it may be poisonous.
AND BENEFITS OF THE MISWAAK:
Eliminates bad odour and improves the sense of taste
Ibn Daqiq (R) says: "The wisdom underlying the use of the Miswaak
after rising from sleep is that during sleep bad vapours rise from the
stomach towards the mouth. This causes bad odour in the mouth as well
as a change in the sense of taste. Use of the Miswaak eliminates the bad
odor and rectifies the change which occurred in the taste."
(2) Sharpens the Memory
Ali (R) said that "Miswaak sharpens the memory.
"Four things increase
(i) Shunning of nonsensical talks
(ii) Use of the Miswaak
(iii) Sitting in the company of the pious, and
(iv) Sitting in the company of the Ulama."
Ali (R) said that "Miswaak removes slime."
A Cure for Illness
Aisha (R) said that "Miswaak (its constant use) is a cure for all
illness excepting Death."
(REPORTED BY DAILAMI IN FIRDAUS)
(6) Miswaak creates fragrance
in the mouth.
(7) Miswaak strengthens the gums.
(8) Miswaak prevents tooth decay.
(9) Miswaak prevents further increase of decay which has already set in
(10) Miswaak is a cure for headaches.
(11) Miswaak assists in eliminating toothaches.
(12) Miswaak creates lustre (Noor) on the face of the one who continually
(13) Miswaak causes the teeth to glow.
(14) Miswaak removes the yellowishness of the teeth.
(15) Miswaak strengthens the eye-sight.
(16) Miswaak is beneficial for the health of the entire body.
(17) Miswaak assists in the process of Digestion.
(18) Miswaak is a cure for a certain mouth disease known as Qilaa'- This
is stated in Hujjatul Baaleghah.
(19) Miswaak clears the voice. This is stated in TibbeNabawi.
(20) Miswaak facilitates the appetite (Tibbe Nabawi).
(21) Miswaak increases the eloquence of one's speech.
Hurairah (R) said that "Miswaak increases the eloquence of a person."
Miswaak (i.e. its constant use) will be ~ factor to ease the pangs of
Death. The continuous use of the Miswaak makes it easy for the Rooh (Soul)
to depart from the body when its appointed time arrives. (SHARHUS SUDOOR)
Miswaak increases the Thawaab (reward) of Salaat (prayer) from seventy
times to four hundred times. (HADITH)
Miswaak is a factor which will earn higher ranks in Jannat for the one
who uses it
The Angels sing the praises of the one who uses the Miswaak.
Use of the Miswaak displeases Shaitaan.
Use of the Miswaak graces one with the companionship of the Angels.
And, the greatest benefit of using the Miswaak is the attainment of Allah
SUBSTITUTES FOR THE MISWAAK:
the case of the non-availability of the Miswaak the fingers should be
used to cleanse the teeth. This method will serve the purpose of the Miswaak
as far as the
is concerned, i.e. if a Miswaak is not availa e the Sawaab (Reward) attendant
to the Miswaak will be realised by using the fingers as a substitute provided
that Niyyat (intention) of Miswaak be made when the fingers are used for
the teeth with the forefinger and the thumb
Amr Bin Auf Muzni (R) states that the fingers could be used as an adequate
substitute for the Miswaak in the case of the latter's absence.
Tahtaawi (R) says: 'The promised Reward (of using the Miswaak) shall be
obtained in the event of the non-availability of the Miswaak, and not
in the event of its availability'."
other words, if a Miswaak is available and you are able to use same then
the Sawaab of it will not be realised by using a substitute.
coarse piece of cloth may also be used in case of the non-availability
of a Miswaak. Those who have no teeth should use the fingers or a cloth
as substitutes for the Miswaak, and they will obtain the Sawaab. But Niyyat
of the Miswaak should be made.
the significance of the Miswaak shall be obtained even though the finger
or a cloth be used in the event of the non-availability of the Miswaak."
the toothbrush is made of bristles (pig's hair) then its use is not
permissible. If bristles are not used, the use of the toothbrush is permissible.
However, the toothbrush will not serve as a substitute in the case of
the Miswaak being available. If a Miswaak is available Reward will not
be realised by using the toothbrush. The same applies to toothpowder or
any other means of cleansing the teeth. It should be remembered here that
during the time of our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) substitutes,
e.g. toothpowder, etc., existed, but our Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
never equated these with the Miswaak. Therefore, the argument of the modernist
that the toothbrush today takes the place of the Miswaak is fallacious
and a good example of the apologetic attitude adopted by modern Muslims
taken (with Thanks) from Islam.tc