stating that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) wore the ring on
his right hand
(90) Hadith Number
bin Abi Taalib Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Rasulullah Sallallahu
Alayhi Wasallam wore his ring in the right hand".
Various narrations have been quoted regarding whether Sayyidina Rasulullah
Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam wore the ring on his right or the left hand.
A group of muhadditheen have preferred the view that he wore the ring
on his right hand. This is also the view of Imaam Bukhaari, Imaam Tirmidhi,
and other muhadditheen.' A few of the 'ulama have concluded that he wore
it on the right hand, but sometimes wore it on the left. The 'ulama differ
as to which hand it is best to wear a ring. Among the Hanafi 'ulama there
are different opinions. A few say it is best to wear it on the left hand
and others say both hands are equal. Shaami has quoted both views. Mulla
'Ali Qaari has quoted a saying of the Hanafis, that it is best to wear
it on the right hand. According to the madhhab, the view stated by Shaami
is more reliable (acceptable). Imaani Nawawi has stated that it is permissible
according to the majority of the 'ulama, to wear it on either hand without
karaahah. The Maalikis state it is better to wear it on the left hand.
In short both are proven from the hadith. The 'ulama have also given preference
to both. It is mentioned in Durri Mukhtaar from Qahistani that it has
become a symbol of the Rawaafid (Shi'as) to wear a ring on the right hand,
therefore it is waajib to abstain from wearing it on the right hand. The
author of Durri Mukhtaar says that it is possible that it was the symbol
of the Rawaafid at that time and now it is not. Maulana Cangohi writes
in his kitaab 'Kaukabi Durri' that because the wearing of the ring on
the left hand is the symbol of the Rawaafid, it is makruh to do so. Maulana
(Khalil Ahmad) Saharanpuri has given- the same view in his 'Badh-lul Majhud'
and has also written that although there is a difference of opinion whether
the Rawaafid are Muslims or non-Muslims, there is no difference of opinion
in that they are faasiqs. It is very important to save one's self from
imitating the fussaaq (plural of faasiq). (Now after the Iranian revolution
the belief of the Rawaafid (Shi'ah) has been openly propagated and made
known. They reject the fundamental beliefs of Islaam and hence are apostates
and out of the fold of Islaam).
Hadith Number 2
Hammaad bin Salamah says that he saw Hazrat Abdur Rahman bin Abi Rafe'
wearing a ring on his right hand. He asked him the reason and he replied,
"I had seen Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu wearing
a ring on his right hand, and he said that he had seen the Prophet of
Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wear a ring on the right hand."
Hadith Number 3
is related from Hazrat Abdullah bin Ja'far radiyallahu anhu from another
source (another chain of narrators) that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand.
In a hadith it has also been stated that beauty and elegance is more appropriate
to the right hand. Therefore Ibn Hajar, who is an Imam of the science
of hadith says, "After studying that hadith, I have found that if
it is worn for elegance and beauty, it should be worn on the right hand,
and if it is worn for use as a seal or stamp it should be worn on the
left hand, as it is easier to remove from the left hand when using it."
It is mentioned in the ahaadith that the ring was worn on both hands (right
Hadith Number 4
Jabir bin Abdullah radiyallahu anhu says, "The Prophet of Allah
sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore the ring on the right hand."
Hadith Number 5
bin Abdullah says that Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wore a ring on
the right hand, and as far as I can remember he used to say that the Prophet
of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam also wore it on the right hand.
Imam Tirmizi has written this hadith briefly. It is mentioned with more
detail in the Abu Daud. Ibn Ishaq says, "I have seen Salt wear a
ring on the smallest finger of his right hand (this is known as the chungla
finger in Urdu). I enquired the reason from him.
He replied, "I have seen Hazrat Ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhu wearing
it in this manner. The top part of the ring was facing outwards, as far
as I can recall he was talking about the Prophet of Allah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam and said that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam
wore it in the same manner."
Two things are mentioned in this hadith. One is that the top part was
kept on the outer side of the finger. It is stated in the 'Badh-lul-Majhud'
and 'Mirqaatus-Su'ud' that it is more correct to wear the top part of
the ring facing the inside (towards the palms). This has also been stated
in many narrations. This is also mentioned in the hadith appearing hereafter.
Allamah Munaawi says that this is best because it protects the stone and
saves one from pride and high mindedness. The second matter referred to
is the wearing of the ring on the smallest finger. Imam Nawawi says that
it is sunnah to do so according to the Ijmaa'. Allamah Shaami states that
the ring should be on this finger, and the stone should face towards the
palm for men, and towards the outside for women, as they wear it for beauty
Hadith Number 6
Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu reports, "The Prophet of Allah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam had a ring made of silver. The top portion remained towards
the inside. On it was engraved 'Muhammad the Rasoolullah'. The people
were prohibited from making this inscription on their rings. This is the
same ring which fell from the hands of Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu
into the well of Arees during the reign of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu."
The reason for the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam prohibiting
the Sahabah radiyallahu anhum to make the same inscription on their rings
is because the Sahabah radiyallahu anhum followed and imitated the Prophet
of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam in every sphere of life, and by doing
so it was feared that there would be a confusion with the original seal.
Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was a Sahabi and the guardian (keeper)
of the ring of the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam. When the
Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam did not wear the ring it was
kept by Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu. In the same manner it was kept
by him during the reign of Hazrat Abubakr, Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Uthman
radiyallah anhum. During the reign of Hazrat Uthman radiyallahu anhu,
while sitting at the well of Arees, Hazrat Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu was
giving the ring to Hazrat Uthman radiyallah anhu or was taking it from
him and it accidentally fell into the well. This incident is mentioned
in many ahaadith. As to whether it fell from the hands of Hazrat Uthman
radiyallahu anhu or from the hands of Mu'ayqib radiyallahu anhu, the Ulama
have adopted the view that it was the latter. Both ahaadith agree that
it happened between them.
Hadith Number 7
Muhammad Baaqir relates that Hazrat Hasan radiyallhu anhu and Hazrat Husain
radiyallahu anhu, both wore their rings on their left hands.
This hadith is contrary to the ones mentioned at the beginning of the
chapter by Imam Tirmizi. It is stated there that the ring was worn on
the right hand. An explanation can be given that the intention here is
to indicate that after mentioning all the ahaadith, this narration that
is contrary to the others may be of a weak chain. According to this humble
servant, the mentioning of the right hand shows that this is the preferred
method. This narration (under discussion) indicates that this too is permissible.
Some of the learned have explained that in translations, according to
the practice of the Muhadditheen, the word, 'am fee yasaarihi' has been
removed i.e. thProphet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam used to wear
the ring on the right hand or the left. According to this explanation
no narration will be different from a translation.
Hadith Number 8
is related from Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu that the Prophet of Allah
sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the right hand, and some people
have also related from Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu that the Prophet of
Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam wore a ring on the left hand.
The findings of Imam Tirmizi are that both these hadith are incorrect,
which would mean that Hazrat Anas radiyallahu anhu could not ascertain
the correct hand. The Muhadditheen take great precautions and study each
part of a hadith in detail to derermine which portion is correct, and
which is incorrect in that hadith, although in other ahaadith this has
been ascertained to be correct consequently, today, the subject of hadith
has been carefully preserved and has spread in the world with 'noor'.
Many ahaadith prove that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihe wasallam
wore the ring on both the right or the left hand. The ahaadith where he
wore it on the right hand have been mentioned in this chapter. The ahaadith
regarding his wearing it on the left hand are stated in the Abu Daud and
Muslim etc. Imam Nawawi informs that both type of ahaadith are correct.
It is a practice of the Muhadditheen, that although if three ahaadith
are correct (on a subject) and due to some special rule it does not comply
with the standard, they will mention their views on this special rule.
Therefore, Imam Tirmizi has made a comment here.
Hadith Number 9
Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhu relates that the Prophet of Allah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam had a ring made of gold which he wore on his right hand.
The Sahabah radiyallahu anhum in imitating the Prophet of Allah sallallahu
alaihe wasallam also had gold rings made for themselves. Thereafter, the
Prophet of Allah sallallah alaihe wasallam threw away the gold ring and
said, "I will never wear it again."
It was permissible to wear gold in the early periods of Islam. Subsequently,
this was ordained haraam for men. All the Ulama are unanimous in that
it is haraam for men to wear gold. Imam Nawawi has also stated the unanimous
verdict of the Ulama in this respect. This subject is discussed at length
in the books of fiqh. It will not be appropriate to discuss it here.
taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury