CHAPTER ON THE SEAL OF PROPHETHOOD OF SAYYIDINA RASULULLAH SALLALLAHU ALAIHE WASALLAM
This chapter also being relevant to the noble features of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) should have been part of the previous chapter. Because of it's great importance, it being a miracle and a sign of Nabuwwah (Prophethood), it is being discussed seperatly. The seal was on the Holy body of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) since birth, as is stated in the 'Fathul Bari', wherein Sayyidina Yakub ibn Hasan (Radiallahu anhu) relates a Hadith from Sayyiditina Ayesha (Radiallahu anha). At the time of the death of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) when some of the Sahabah (Radiallahu anhum) doubted (his death), Sayyiditina Asmaa (Radiallahu anha) proved that there was no seal of the Prophethood anymore, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) had passed away. Munnaawi has mentioned this incident in detail. There is a difference of opinion as to what was written on this seal, or if anything was written on it at all. Sayyidina ibn Hibbaan (Radiallahu anhu) and other Sahabah have corrected this and said that 'Muhammadur Rasulullah' was written on the seal. In some other narrations we find that 'Sier fa antal mansur' (Go wherever you wish, you shall be successful) was written on the seal. Some of the Ulama say that these traditions do not comply with the priciples of authenticity.
In this chapter Imam Tirmidhi quotes eight Ahaadith.
(15) Hadith Number 1
Saa-ib bin Yazid (Radiallahu anhu) said: "My (maternal) aunt took to me to the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) and said to him, this nephew of mine is ill. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) wiped his holy hand over my head and made for barakah for me. (According to some Ulama, Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) wiped his hand over his head, meant that he Sayyidina Saa-ib bin Yazid (Radiallahu anhu) had a pain in the head. The opinion of this weak and humble servant is that it is better if this is taken to mean that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) wiped his hands in kindness on the head of Sayyidina Saa-ib bin Yazid (Radiallahu anhu). Sayyidina Saa-ib bin Yazid (Radiallahu anhu) was born in the second year Hijri, and at the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam)'s death, his age was not more than 8 or 9 years. That is why the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) wiped his Holy hand in kindness, as is the customs of the great personalities. The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) also gave him the water of wudu to drink as a cure, as will be stated further, or he may have prescibed another remedy, especially when we learn also in a narration in Bukhari thay he Sayyidina Saa-ib bin Yazid (Radiallahu anhu)was suffering from pain in his leg). When the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) performed Wudu, I drank the water of that wudu. (The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) may have performed wudu for some reason, but here it is clear that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) performed wudu so that the water could be used as a remedy and medicine). I saw the seal of Prophethood, which was like the knot on a mosquito net or bedstead." (Which is the size of a pigeon's egg in roundness). The Ulama differ in the translation of this word. Some have translated it in another manner. Imam Nawawi, the famous commentator of Sahih Muslim, preferred the translation I have chosen).
(16) Hadith Number 2
Jaabir bin Samurah (Radhiallahu Anhu reports that: "I saw the Seal of Prophethood of Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) between his two shoulders, which was like a red tumour (protruding flesh), the size of which was like that of a pigeon's egg".
(17) Hadith Number 3
Rumaythah (Radhiallahu Anha) said: "I heard this subject from Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and at that time I was so near him, that if I wanted to, I could have kissed the Seal of Prophethood. That subjewct is: `Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was talking about Sa's bin Mu'aadh (Radhiallahu anhu), that because of Sa'd's death, the `Arsh (Throne) of Allah also started to sway in happiness'".
(18) Hadith Number 4
Ebrahim bin Muhammad (Radhiallahu Anhu), who is the granson of Ali (Radhiallahu anhu said: "Whenever Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) used to discribe the noble attributes of Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alaihi wasallam), he used to mentioned the complete hadith. He also used to say that the Seal of Prophethood was between his shoulders, and Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was the seal of all prophets".
(19) Hadith Number 5
`Ilbaa bin Ahmar Al-yashkari says that the Sahaabi, Abu Zayd `Amr bin Akhtab Al-Ansaari Radhiallahu Anhu said to me: "Rasullullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) once asked me to massage his waist. When I began massaging the back, accidently (by chance) my fingers touched the Seal of Prophethood. `Ilbaa (Radhiallahu anhu) says: `I asked Amr (Radhiallahu anhu), what is the Seal of Prophethood?' He replied: `It was a collection of few hair'".
(20) Hadith Number 6
bin Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "when Rasulalullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam came to Medinah, Salmaan Faarisi Radiyallahu 'Anhu brought
a tray which had fresh dates on it, and presented it to Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam, who asked:
went to him and informed him that I would like to become a Christian and
stay in his company. He agreed. I began living with him but found him
to be dishonest. He persuaded the people to give charity (tithe) and whatever
he collected, he put into his personal treasure. He did not give the poor
anything. After his death, another bishop was appointed in his place.
He was a pious man, and did not care for material things. I began living
with him and started to love him. When his end came near I asked him,
who should I go to after his death. He replied that there was only one
person in this world following the same path, and there was no one else
besides him. He said: He lives in Mosul and you must go to him.
After the bishop's death I went to the person in Mosul and related my
story to him. He allowed me to stay in his service. He was a very good
person. When his end came near I asked him that after his death,
who should I go to? He replied that I should go to a person in Naseebayn.
After his death I went to Naseebayn. Where I related my story to the resident
bishop who agreed to keep me in his service. He was a good man. Again,
when his end came near, I asked him the same question. He replied that
I should go to a certain place in Ghamurya. I went to Ghamurya and began
living with the bishop there. Here I worked and learned too. As a result
I owned some cattle and sheep. When the Bishop of Ghamurya's end came
near, I asked: "Now what should I do?" He took an oath and said:
"There is no learned person anymore who follows our path.
time has come near when the last of all Prophets will appear, who will
follow the religion of Ibrahim (Alaihis salaam). He will be born
in ` Arabia '. He will migrate to such a place where many dates grow
and on both sides of this place the soil is stony. The Prophet will
accept gifts, but will not eat from Sadaqah. The Seal of Prophethood
will be between his two shoulders. (This is the sign of Prophethood
and for this reason Sayyidina Salmaan radiallahu anhu looked for
the seal). If you can go to this place, try to do so."
the bishop's death a few traders from the tribe of Banu Kalb passed
Ghamurya. I said to them:"If you take me with you to Arabia, I will
give you in return these cattle and sheep". They accepted and brought
me to Wadi al Qura (Mecca Mukarramah). I gave them the cattle and sheep
but they oppressed me. They said I was a slave and sold me. A jew from
the tribe of Banu Qurayzah bought me and took me to Madinah. I recognised
the signs that the bishop of Ghamurya had explained to me. I said to myself,
` This is that place'. I lived there till Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu
alaihe wasallam) migrated from Mecca Mukarramah to Madinah Munawwarah.
Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) was in Quba at that
time. When I heard of of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihe wasallam,
whatever I owned I took with and presented it to him and said: "This
is from Sadaqah." Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam)
did not partake any of it. I said to myself that one sign has been fulfilled
and I returned to Madinah and collected a few things. In the meantime
Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) came to live in Madinah.
I presented somethings (dates, food etc) and said: "This a gift."
Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) accepted the gift, I
said to myself that the second sign has also been fulfilled. Thereafter
I attended his noble assembly. Sayyidina Rasulallah (Sallallahu alaihe
wasallam) was at the Baqi (attending a Sahabi's funeral). I greeted him
and made an attempt to look at his back. Sayyidina Rasulallah (Sallallahu
alaihe wasallam) understood what I was doing and lifted his sheet. I saw
the Seal of the Prophet and in zeal bowed towards it. I kissed it and
cried. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) said:"Come
in front of me." I came before him and related the whole story. After
that I continued serving my Jewish master in slavery . Once Sayyidina
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) said:"Make an agreement with
your master to make you a mukaatab (one who purchases his own freedom)
." I made an agreement with my master he made two conditions. The
first was that I should pay forty uqqiyyah cash in gold. (One uqqiyyah
is forty dirhams and a dirham is 3 to 4 maashaa, 3g to 4g). The second
condition was that I should plant 300 date palms and tend them till
they bear fruit. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihe wasallam) planted
the date palms with his own hands (as is mentioned above ). It happened
that some gold arrived from somewhere for Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu
alaihe wasallam). He gave this to Sayyidina Salmaan (radiallahu anhu)
and told him to go and pay it his master. Sayyidina Salmaan (radiallahu
anhu) asked:" Will this gold be enough as the amount is much
more."Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu
this incident it is evident that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu
alaihe wasallam) buying Sayyidina Salmaan (radiallahu anhu) over from
slavery meant he had paid the money so that Sayyidina Salmaan (radiallahu
anhu) could a makaatab. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallhu alaihe wasallam)
planted the palms with his own hands and gave the gold that was stipulated
in the agreement. Sayyidina Salmaan (radiallahu anhu) says:"I was
a slave of ten different people.
In the Battle of Khandaq, a trench was dug according to his advice, otherwise there was no knowledge of digging trenches.
(21) Hadith Number 7
Abi Nadrah AI-'Awfee RA. reports: "I asked Abu Sa'eed Khudari Radiyallahu 'Anhu about the Seal of Prophethood of Rasulullah sallailahu 'Alayhi Wasallam. He said: 'It was a piece of raised flesh that was on Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam's back".
(22) Hadith Number 8
Abdullah bin Sarjas Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "I came to Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam while there were people sitting in his company. I went around to the back of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam (The narrator may have done this physically). Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam understood what I was trying to do. He removed the sheet (body wrap) from his back. I saw the place of the Seal of Prophethood between his two shoulders. It was like a cluster surrounded by til (moles) which appeared to be like a wart. I came before Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam and said to him. May Allah forgive you (or Allah has forgiven you, as is mentioned in Surah Fath, 'That Allah may forgive you, your former and your latter sins'). Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam replied: 'May Allah forgive you too'. The people said to me that Rasulullah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam has made du'aa for your maghfirah (forgiveness). I replied: 'Yes, and for you too, because Allah Ta'aala has said: 'O Muhammad, seek forgiveness for yourself and the Mu'min males and females also"'. (That is why Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam asked for the forgiveness of Muslims).
Article taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury