the bread of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam
The type of bread that Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam ate is mentioned here. Eight ahaadith
are mentioned in this chapter.
Hadith Number 1.
Radiyallahu 'Anha says: "Till the demise of Rasulullah sallallahu'Alayhi
Wasallam, his family never ate a full stomach of bread made of barley
for two consecutive days".
lt is Possible that they may have eaten a full stomach of dates, but not
of bread, where they did not eat it for two consecutive days. A question
may arise, that it is evident from the ahadith that Sayidinah Rasulullah
Sallalahu 'Alayhi Wasallam gave his wives their expenses for a year.
There seems to be a contradiction between the two ahaadith the 'ulama
have explained it in various ways. Among these, one explanation is that,
in the hadith the word 'Ahl' (family) is extra and rneans that the expenses
were for himself. It also shows that he did not have any other provisions.
A narration is related on this topic from Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu
'Anha at the end of the chapter. Some 'ulama have explained it in this
manner, that he gave his wives provision, but they also, in wanting to
gain thawaab (reward), gave it away in charity. According to this humble
servant there are two other explanations that may be possible. Since it
is not taken from the sayings of the great learned, it cannot be taken
as an argument or proof, but can surely be assumed. The first is that
the yearly expenses were only that much, that they did not cover the cost
of continuously eating bread for two consecutive days, but of eating bread
sometimes, dates sometimes, and at times remaining hungry. The second
is that it may have been in the form of dates. This is not denied in this
hadith but that of eating bread is.
Hadith Number 2.
Umaamah Al-Baahili Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Bread made of barley
was never left over in the house of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam".
Whenever bread made of barley was prepared, the quantity was so little
that there were none left over. There was not enough to fill the stomach.
Also Sayyidina Rasulullah Saliallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam used to have many
guests and the As-haabus Suffah were permanent guests of Sayyidina Rasuluilah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam.
Hadith Number 3.
'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam and his family spent many consecutive nights without food, because
there would be no supper. The bread of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
was mostly made of barley". (Sometimes bread made of wheat was also
Although there were among the Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum, a few who were
wealthy, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallailahu 'Alayhi Wasallam did not let
anyone know, nor did his family members let anyone know, of their state.
Hadith Number 4.
asked Sahl bin Sa'd Radiyallahu 'Anhu "Did Rasulullah Sallailahu
'Alayhi Wasallam ever eat bread made of white (fine) flour?" He replied:
White flour may not have come before Rasulullah Sallailahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
till his last days". The questioner then asked: "Did you people
use sieved flour in the time of Rasulullah Sallailahu 'Alayhi Wasallam?"
He replied: "No, it was not". The questioner then asked: "How
was bread from barley prepared?" (because it has more particles in
it). Sahl Radiyallahu Anhu replied: "We used to blow into the
flour and the big particles flew out. The rest was made into dough".
Allah! Allah is everlasting. Today it is difficult for us to eat even
wheat flour that is not sifted. Whereas unsifted flour is good for
digestion. Bread made of fine flour although being heavy (and difficult
to digest) has become common. Many homes, because of luxury have kept
up this wasteful practice. Some 'ulama have written that the first bid'ah
that crept into Islaarn was the use of a sieve. This bid'ah should not
be confused with shar'ee bid'ah, which is against the sunnah. It is being
called bid'ah in view of new trends. it is undoubtedly jaa iz (permissible).
Hadith Number 5.
Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports that.. "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
never ate food from a table, nor from small plates, nor was chapaati (a
type of thin bread) ever made for him. Yunus Radiyallahu 'Anhu says, I
asked Qataadah: 'Then on what did Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
put and eat his food'?'. He replied: on this leather dastarkhaan"'.
Sayyidina Yunus Radiyallahu 'Anhu and Sayyidina Qataadah Radiyallahu 'Anhu
who are mentioned in the translation are two narrators in the chain of
this hadith. 'Allaamah Munaawi and Mulla 'Ali Qaari say that it has always
been the custom of proud people to eat on a table. It has been stated
in the 'Kaukabe Durri' that in our times because it is also an imitation
of the Christians, therefore it is rnakruh tahreermi.
The question of imitating others is very important. We have been warned
many a time in the hadith (under different headings) about it. We have
been prohibited from imitating others in the manner of eating, drinking,
mode of dress and even that of worship. The subject of imitating others
has been mentioned many a time in the ahaadith of the saum (fast) of 'Aa-shura
and adhaan. We consider it an insignificant thing and do not take special
care of it. And to Allah is our complaint.
Hadith Number 6.
says. "I went to 'Aayeshah (Radiyallahu 'Anha). She ordered' food
for me and began saying 'I never eat a stomachful but feel like crying,
then I do cry'. Masruq asked: 'Why do you feel like crying?'. She replied:
'I remember that condition of Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam on
which he left us for the next world. I swear by Allah that, he never filled
his stomach twice in one day with meat or bread"'.
Hadith Number 7.
Radiyallahu 'Anha says: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam never
filled his stomach with bread made of barley for two consecutive days
till he passed away".
This is the same hadith that was mentioned in the beginning of the chapter.
The only difference is, there the whole household was mentioned, here
only Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam himself is mentioned.
The aim is the same. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
preferred a simple life for himself and his family. There was not so much,
that all could fill their stomachs. Even if there was something available
it was given to the poor.
Hadith Number 8.
Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Till the end of his life Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam never ate on a table and never ate a chapaati".
This hadith is also mentioned in hadith number five of this chapter. It
is clear from the narrations that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam preferred a simple life. Whenever Allah Ta'aala sent an angel
to ask Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallailahu 'Alayhi Wasallam if he preferred
to live a simple life with poverty and hunger or a life with wealth and
pomp, he always replied that he preferred the first (simple life). Many
ahaadith are mentioned on this subject. The 'ulama give two explanations
for this.The first is that because Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam preferred a simple way of life, only that much was made available
as has been previously mentioned. Or that although it was available, in
humbleness he did not consume it but distributed it.
taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury