SALAATUT DUHA (CHAAST PRAYERS)
According to the fuqahaa (jurists)
and muhadditheen (hadith scholars) the time for salaatut duha is from the
morning after the makruh time passes till zawaal. But according to the sufis
these are two separate prayers, one is called ish-raaq and the other duha
(chaast) prayers. The sufis substantiate their view from the previous hadith
of Sayyidina'Ali Radiyallahu 'Anhu and other narrations. The 'ulama differ
on salaatut duha. The commentators on hadith have written eight ma-dhaa-hib
of the 'ulama. According to Imaam Abu Hanifah this salaah is rnustabab.
The 'ulama have written that many ahaadith have been narrated regarding
this salaah. In the kitaab 'Awjaz' narrations of twenty five Sahaabah Radiyallahu
'Anhum have been mentioned. Besides these there are many others. It has
been reported in a hadith that a human has three hundred and sixty joints.
For every joint a daily sadaqah is necessary, thanking Allah Ta'aala that
He has kept it safely in its proper condition. Look at the joints of the
finger for instance. If it dislocates' the finger becomes useless. Instead
of remaining soft, it becomes hardened. Nor will the finger move, nor can
anything be held, picked up. Thus Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu'Alayhi
Wasallam counted the sadaqahs, that to utter once subhanallaah, is also
a type of sadaqah. He then said.. "The two rak'ahs of chast is a complete
sadaqah on behalf of the three hundred and sixty joints (of the body)".
The author has mentioned eight ahaadith in this chapter.
(272) Hadith Number l:
Mu'aadhah Radiyallahu 'Anha says: "I asked 'Aayeshah, 'Did Rasulullah
Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam perform the salaatut duha (chaast prayers)
?" She replied: "Yes, he performed four rak'ahs (the least),
and added to it the amount Allah Ta'aala willed".
Salaatut duha is a nafl devotion, therefore at least two rak'ahs could
be performed. More could be added to it, if the heart wills, which has
no end. It has been ascertained that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam performed up to twelve rakahs. Some are of the opinion, that
it has been ascertained that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
only performed eight rak'ahs. But one has certainly been encouraged in
a narration to perform up to twelve rak'ahs.
(273) Hadith Number 2:
Anas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
performed six rak'ahs of the salaatut duha".
Due to different times, different number of rak'ahs have been narrated
regarding the salaatut duha of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam. Therefore there will be no contradiction between them. For this
reason the 'ulama have written that at least two rak'ahs, and it is best
that eight or twelve rak'ahs be performed. It has been narrated that Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alahi Wasallam usually performed eight rak'ahs.
(274) Hadith Number 3:
'Abdurrahmaan bin Abi Layla RA. (a Taabi'ee) reports: "None
had given me the news that they had observed Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam perform the salaatut duhah besides Ummi Haani. She said: Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam came to her house, the day Makkah was conquered.
He performed ghusl (bath), then performed eight rak'ahs. I did not observe
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam perform any salaah shorter than
these, despite him performing every ruku' and sajdah properly"'.
(He did not perform the ruku' and saidah haphazardly because the salaah
'Abdurrahmaan RA. saying that none besides Sayyiditina Ummi Haani Radiyallahu
'Anha narrated this hadith, does not necessarily mean that no other Sahaabi
knew about this. In this chapter the narration of a few Sahaabah
Radiyallahu 'Anhum are mentioned. Ibn Jareer RA. says: 'So many ahaadith
have been narrated on salaatut duha that it reached the stage of tawaatur
(unbroken chain of authentic narrators). It has already been stated that
nineteen Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum narrated about this salaah. It may
be that those people did not have information that from whom did 'Abdurrahmaan
RA. investigate about this salaah. There is no perplexity in this. Some
'ulama are of the opinion that the salaah mentioned in the hadith under
discussion, was not the salaatut duha, but a prayer of thanks on the conquering
of Makkah. It was the practice of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam when an event of happiness occurred, to perform salaatus shukr
thanksgiving). It may also be possible that these eight rak'ahs included
both the Salaatut duha and salaatus shukr.
(275) Hadith Number 4:
'Abdullah bin Shaqeeq Radiyallahu 'Anhu relates: "I enquired from
'Aayeshah, that did Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam perform the
salaatut duha?". She replied: "No he did not regularly perform
it, but when he returned from a journey he performed it".
It was the noble habit of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
that whenever he returned to Madinah Munawwarah, he entered the city in
the morning. He first entered the masjid and performed nafl prayers. This
reply of Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha is the opposite of what
was given in reply to a question of Sayyiditina Mu'aadhah Radiyallahu
'Anha mentioned at the beginning of this chapter. The 'ulama-have therefore
given different explanations to this. Imaam Bayhaqi has given this explanation,
that in the hadith where it has been denied, the denial is of it not being
performed regularly, which is not refuting that it was performed occasionally.
Meaning he did not perform it regularly. In the hadith where the affirmative
is mentioned, i.e. that he performed this salaah, it will be taken to
be performed more often. Some of the 'ulama have summed it up thus, that
he only performed this salaah in the masjid when he returned from a journey,
otherwise at ordinary times he performed it in the home. In this hadith
(under discussion) the object is the denial that this salaah was performed
in the masjid. It was only performed in the masjid when he returned from
a journey, as mentioned in the above hadith.
(276) Hadith Number 5:
'Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudari Radiyallahu 'Anhu relates: "Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam at times performed the salaatut duha with such regularity,
that we thought, he would not leave it. At times he left it (fearing it
might become fard or because of some advantage), till we thought he left
it completely, and would not perform it again".
" Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam taking the ummah
into consideration, discontinued many devotions, of which there are many
examples. Sayyiditina 'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha says: 'Sayyidina Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam very much liked to do a few things, but did
not do it, fearing it would become fard on the ummah'.
(277) Hadith Number 6:
Abu Ayyub Ansaari Radiyallahu'Anhu says. "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam always performed four rak'ahs after the time of za'waal. I said:
'O Messenger of Allah. You give much importance to these four rak'ahs
after the zawaal of the sun?' Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam replied:
'The doors of the skies open from the zawaal of the sun till the zuhr
salaah is performed. I desire that a good deed of mine reaches the skies
at that time'. I asked: 'Is there a recital in every rak'ah?' He replied:
'Yes'. I enquired: 'Should salaam be made at the end of two rak'ahs?'
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam replied 'No' (Salaam should be
made only at the end of four rak'ahs)".
The sufis name this salaah as salaatuz zawaal, and this is included in
the mustahab prayers. According to the majority of the muhadditheen this
is the four sunan of zuhr salaah. The reason being, besides the sunan
of zuhr, there is no other nafl prayer after zawaal (midday) that Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam performed regularly. In both cases
according to both sayings this hadith and the ensuing one has no apparent
relevance with the salaatut duha.
It is perplexing that Imaam Tirmidhi has mentioned this hadith in this
chapter. The mashaa-ikh have given a few explanations regarding this.
The first is that this was the ending time for chast, therefore it was
naturally included here, and a separate chapter was not created. Some
are of the opinion that this is due to an error committed by the copier
(calligrapher), which resulted in this being mentioned here. Otherwise
its original place was in the previous chapter. It is said that in a few
copies of this kitaab, this hadith is mentioned under the previous chapter,
and not in this chapter. Some have given other explanations too.
(278) Hadith Number 7:
'Abdullah bin Saa-ib Radiyallahu'Anhu reports: "Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam performed four rak'ahs after zawaal before the zuhr salaah,
and used to say: 'The doors of the heavens open at this moment. I like
that a good deed of mine ascend there at this moment".
What deed can there be more pious and better than salaah, as this is the
best among all devotions. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
has said: "The coolness of my eye is in salaah". In another
hadith it is stated: "The one that performs salaah, is like one having
a private conversation with Allah".
(279) Hadith Number 8:
'Ali Radiyallahu 'Anhu used to perform four rak'ahs before zuhr and used
to say: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam also performed these
four rak'ahs after zawaal, and recited long verses therein".
Imaam Ghazaali has stated in his Ihya 'Ulumid Deen, that it is desirable
to recite the Surah Baqarah in these four rak'ahs, or a similar surah
which consists of more than a hundred aayaat, so that a sunnah of Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam could be practised in reciting
a lengthy portion.
taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury