ON THE SLEEPING OF SAYYIDINA, RASULULLAH SALLALLAHU ALAYHI WASALLAM
In this chapter
is mentioned how Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam slept,
what he recited before retiring etc. Six ahaadith have been compiled in
Baraa Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "When Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam retired, he put his right hand under his right cheek, and recited
Rabbi qini adhaa-baka yauma tub-a-thu 'ibaadaka
Translation. 'O Allah, save me from Your punishment
on the day of qiyaamah".
It is stated in the Hisn Haseen that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam recited this du'aa thrice. This has also been reported by 'Abdullah
bin Mas'ud Radiyallahu 'Anhu in a narration. We find that this was the
general Practice of Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam,
which many Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum had witnessed. Although Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam was sinless, he recited these types
of.du'aas (supplications) to express his humbleness and bondmanship. It
is proper that a devoted worshipper asks only his creator, or this was
done to educate the ummah. It is clear, from this hadith that Sayyidina
Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam slept on his right side. This was
his noble practice. Therefore it is mustahab to sleep on the right side.
A special benefit may be derived from this. The heart is on the left side
of the chest, and by sleeping on the right side, the heart remains on
the top side. One will not have a deep sleep, but will sleep lightly.
If one sleeps on the left side, the heart will be at the bottom, which
will result in a deep slumber. Some physicians have for this reason said,
that it is good to sleep on the left side, because if one has a deep sleep,
the food digest better. This is a fact. But there is a harm too, which
has not be taken into consideration. If the heart is at the bottom, the
weight of the whole body will be on it and this will affect it. The heart
is one of the main organs of the body. Putting a little pressure on it
may cause many diseases. Therefore, medically speaking, if it is good
to sleep on the left, then too it is detrimental, from which one should
at all times take precaution. In this respect, from the medical point
of view it is important to sleep on the right side. Besides, sleeping
on the right side reminds one of the grave. We have been commanded to
remember death regularly. Many worldly and religious benefits are derived
by constantly remembering death. One should constantly remember the breaker
of all pleasures. The fact is this, how can one forget a thing that every
being will experience which is sure to come and it is not known when it
shall take place?
Hudhayfah Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "When Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam lay down on a bed, he recited:
Allahurmma bi-ith-mika a-mutu wa ahyaa
Translation: O Allah! In Thy name do I live and die'.
When he awakened
he recited this du'aa:
Alhamdulillaahil ladhi ahyaanaa ba'da rnaa amaatana
Translation: 'Praise be to Allah Who restored unto
us life, having caused us to die and unto Him shall be the Resurrection"'.
Sleep is synonymous with death. That is why sleep has been linked to death,
and waking with life. For this reason too one should sleep on the right
side, as sleeping is an example of death. Because sleep is likened to
death, and waking up is becoming alive again. The 'ulama have written,
it is a thing that should be pondered upon, that, after dying in this
manner on the day of qiyaamah one will be given life again. In reality
Allah 'Ta'aala has made this world a little replica of the hereafter.
An example of everything has been made in this world so that one may ponder
and take heed of things to come. The life in this world is not more than
a dream. A person is happy, affluent, possessing all types of luxuries
and does not experience any sort of trouble. If this person sees in a
dream that he is being taken to jail and flogged, and is experiencing
all types of calamities, not realising that it is a dream, he is distressed,
and crying too. Suddenly the eyes open and all the tranquility and happiness
returns. The troubles of this dream does not remain nor are its effects
felt. In the same manner, this is the state of a pious person. All the
difficulties that are experienced in this world, are like,a dream. After
opening the eyes when all the happiness is experienced, what effect shall
the dream have? But imagine the opposite? If one is experiencing luxuries
in a dream,.then on awakening one finds oneself in jail with all its punishments,
what taste shall remain of a sweet dream? If a detainee that is sentenced
to hard labour, sees in a dream that he has become king of the worlds,
but after awakening finds himself chained in the dark dungeons, of what
benefit will this kingmanship be to him? The Sahaabah Radiyallahu 'Anhum
understood this, they pleasantly endured all hardships, remembering that
this life is but like a dream. May the Almighty Allah through His Infinite
Mercy also grant us this valuable treasure. His Mercy is widespread.
'Aayeshah Radiyallahu 'Anha narrates: "Every night before Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam slept on his bed, he put together his hands
(as in the du'aa) and blew on it and recited (the surahs of) AI-Ikhlaas
(Qul huwauahu ahad), AI-Falaq (Qul a'udhu birabbil falaq), and An-Naas
(Qui a'udhu birabbin naas) and wiped those parts of the body that he could
(wherever the hand could reach). He began with the head, then the face
and then the front part of his body. This was done thrice".
The ahaadith state that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
recited different du'aas before he went to bed. He also recited different
surahs and aayaat of the Qur-aan. It is reported from Sayyidina Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam that if one recites a portion of the Qur-aan
before sleeping, an angel is appointed to protect one till one awakens.
From the above hadith it is found that Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam himself recited the three surahs mentioned. Besides these,
it has been narrated that he recited the musabbihaat. i.e. those surahs
that begin with Sabbaha, Yusabbibu, Subhaana etc. He also regularly recited
the Surahs of (Alif Laam) Sajdah and Surah Mulk (Tabaarak). The ahaadith
state that he also recited the Aayatul Kursi and the last two aayahs of
Suratul Baqarah. A sahabi reports that, Sayidina Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam Advised him to recite Suratul Kaafirun (Qul yaa ayyuhal
kaafirun) before retiring to bed. Besides these, other du'aas have been
narrated that were read by Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
before sleeping. -Fathul Baari.
Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "Once Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam slept and began snoring. It was, the nature of Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam that he snored, when he slept. Bilaal Radiyallahu
'Anhu gave the call to prepare for salaah. Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam awakened and performed the salaah. He did not perform the wudu".
This hadith has a detailed incident.
It is a peculiarity of the Ambiyaa that their wudu does not become invalid
by sleeping. For this reason Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
did not perform wudu. Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
informed us of the reason. When the Ambiyaa sleep their hearts and minds
do not sleep, only their eyes sleep. The dreams of the Ambiyaa are also
revelations. They are protected from the influence of the shaytaan. The
incident that Imaam Tirmidhi refers to took place at the House of the
aunt of Sayyidina ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu. It will be discussed
in the fifth hadith of the ensuing chapter. The subject was not relevant
to this chapter, therefore the author omitted it here.
Anas bin Maalik Radiyallahu'Anhu says: "When Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam went to bed, he recited this du'aa:
Alhamdulillaahil ladhi at'a-manaa
wa-saqaanaa wa-kafaanaa wa-aa-waa-naa-fa-kam mim-mal
laa kaafiya lahu wa-laa mu-wiya
Translation: 'Praise be to Allah Who gave us food and
drink, provided us sufficiently, and gave us (a place for) shelter! How
many there are who have neither a provider nor a shelterer!"
The law of Allah is that when one leaves one's work to Allah, Allah Ta'aala
also takes care and fulfils one's work through an unknown source. And
whosoever keepeth his duty to Allah, Allah will appoint a way out for
him. -Surah Talaq, 3.
And this is certainly completed on Sayyidina Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam. Therefore the sufficing is of a complete
nature. Thereafter, the more one relies and has trust in Allah, so much
more does Allah fulfil one's needs. This has been mentioned in many ahaadith
under different headinigs.
It is reported in a hadith: 'To whom poverty reaches and that person asks
the people for rescue from starvation, then the persons needs are not
fulfilled. If one puts forward one's request to Allah Ta'aala, then soon
in someway or the other, that need is fulfilled'. In another hadith it
is reported that Allah Ta'aala says: "O son of man. If you free yourself
(from all things) for the sake of My worship. I will fulfil your needs
and fill you with richness (from all wants). Otherwise I will fill your
hearts with problems and I will not let your needs be fulfilled".
Those who wait for their material needs to be fulfilled, so that they
can spend their time for religious activities, should take heed from this.
The only way to fulfil religious needs is to make oneself free from material
needs, and concentrate on the path of Allah. The du'aa of the above hadith
has been mentioned by Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
so that one may be reminded to express gratitude to Allah. It is important
that everyone thank Allah according to one's capacity. The more one thanks
Allah, the more one receives of His blessings. Allah Ta'aala says in the
Qur-aan: "If ye give thanks, 1 will give you more;.."
-Surah Ebrahim, 7.
Allah Ta'aala has also commanded that one should remember those who are
less fortunate, so that thanks may emit from the heart. How many people
are there in the world who have no food and are starving? They do not
have someone to aid them in their difficulties. How great is Allah Ta'aala's
Mercy, that He has bestowed upon us such great bounties.
Abu Qataadah Radiyallahu 'Anhu relates: "If Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallam made an early joumey-break in the last portion of the
night on his travels, he slept on his right side. If he was staying there
till before the morning, he lifted his right arm, put his head on it and
The reason being that if there was more time he lay flat and slept. His
noble habit was to sleep on the right side. But if time was short, he
lifted his arm and slept on it for a little while. In such circumstances
he did not lie flat and sleep, as this might result in a deep slumber,
and the time for the salaah would pass.
taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury