the kuhl of Sayyidina Rasulullah
Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam
To apply (surmah, antimony, collyrium)
in the eyes is mustabab. One should use kuhl with the intention of ajr (thawaab,
reward). It benefits the eye and one receives ajr for following the sunnah
also. Imaam Tirmidhi mentions five ahaadith in this chapter.
Hadith Number 1
'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu says:
"Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam said: 'Use kuhl made of ithmid
on the eye; it brightens the eyesight, and strengthens and increases the
growth of the eye lashes'. (Sayyidina Ibn'Abbaas Radiyallahu'Anhu also
used to say) 'Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallarn had a small container
for keeping kuhl, from which he applied kuhl in each eye three times every
Ithmid is a special type of kuhl which is reddish black in colour. It
is obtained in the Eastern countries. Some of the learned say it is the
Isfahaani kuhl, and other say it is the Totiya. Some 'ulama say, it means
those who have good eyesight and it should be used by those with whose
eyesight it agrees, otherwise a sick person's eyes will pain more by its
use. It is more beneficial to apply kuhl at the time of sleeping as it
will remain longer in the eyes, and will penetrate more into the pores.
There are different narrations on the number of times it should be applied
in each eye. In a few it is stated that it should be applied three times
in each eye, as mentioned above. In other narrations it is stated that
it should be put three times in the right eye and two times in the left
eye. It is supposed that the variations are because of the different times
of the narrations. At a certain time, Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu
alayhi Wasallam applied it in one manner and at another time in the other
manner. Haafiz Ibn Hajar, Mulla 'Ali Qaari and other 'ulama have preferred
the first method (as given in the hadith under discussion). the first
method has been narrated many times from Sayyidina Rasulullah Sallallahu'
Alayhi Wasallam, as will be seen in the narration that follow.
Hadith Number 2
'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu reports: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam applied kuhl of ithmid three times in each eye before sleeping'.
In a narration also from Ibn 'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu, it is reported:
"Rasuluilah Sallallahu'Alayhi Wasallam had a small container for
keeping kuhl, from which he applied in each eye kuhl three times before
Hadith Number 3
bin 'Abdullah Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alayhi
Wasallam said: 'Use the kuhl made from ithmid for the eyes. It brightens
the vision and strengthens the growth of the eye lashes'.
Hadith Number 4
'Abbaas Radiyallahu 'Anhu says: "Rasulullah Sallallah 'Alayhi Wasallam
has said: 'The best from among all the kuhl used by you is the one made
from ithmid. It brightens the eyesight and strengthens the growth of the
One of the narrators in the chain of this hadith is Bishr bin Mufaddal
RA. The 'ulama wrote that he performed four hundred rak'ahs nafl daily,
and it was his permanent practice to fast every alternate day.
Hadith Number 5
bin 'Umar Radiyallahu 'Anhu related the same hadith from Rasulullah Sallallahu
'Alayhi Wasallarn that: "Verily use the kuhl made from ithmid. It
brightens the vision and strengthens the growth of the eye lashes".
In all the above narrations the use of kuhl made from ithmid has be stressed.
Only those eyes are meant, that agree with the use of it, otherwise, because
of certain eye conditions kuhl does not agree with some people, as was
mentioned previously. The 'ulama have written that due to these commands
and practices it is sunnah to use kuhl, and it is better to use the one
made from ithmid. If one uses kuhl made from any other substance it will
be regarded as sunnah, but the virtue is obtained by using kuhl made of
taken (with Thanks) from Darul-uloom Bury