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Islamic date in Europe

Wednesday 19th of December 2018

11 Rabīʿ ath-Thānī 1440

 arab

European and Arab versions of the Crusades have little in common. For Arabs, the twelfth and thirteenth centuries were years of strenuous efforts to repel a brutal and destructive invasion by barbarian hordes.


The Crusades Through Arab Eyes

Amin Maalouf

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